Wisdom and Ego-Identity for Korean and American Late Adolescents
Bang, H & Montgomery, D. (2013). Wisdom and Ego-Identity for Korean and American Late Adolescents. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology July 2013 vol. 44 no. 5 807-831.
Overcoming identity crises during adolescence may help adolescents understand the world
around them. Although adolescents may have developmental potential for wisdom, little is
known about the direct relationship between wisdom and ego-identity or any cross-cultural
effects. Wisdom dimensions (cognitive, affective, and reflective) and ego-identity statuses
(achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion) among 639 Korean and American late
adolescents (aged 18 to 22) were investigated. The findings suggest that (a) age contributes
to reflective wisdom, (b) identity achievement associates with wisdom among Korean but
not among American adolescents, and (c) foreclosure and diffusion statuses are negatively
associated with wisdom. This highlights school curriculum trends and emphasizes reflective
wisdom for holistic adolescent development. However, the findings should be interpreted
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