Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance: Examining the Attentional Construct of Mindfulness

Quickel, E.J.W., Johnson, S.K., & David, Z.L. (2014). Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance: Examining the Attentional Construct of Mindfulness. SAGE Open, DOI: 10.1177/2158244014560557

Abstract: Mindfulness meditation (MM) training has been shown to have positive effects on working memory and focused attention tasks. Clarifying the construct of mindfulness is important so that mindfulness can be studied effectively in individual differences and cognition research. The current study tested whether trait mindfulness alone explains any of the variability on task performance. Five commonly used mindfulness scales, as well as six standardized and experimental attention and working memory tasks were administered to 164 participants with no meditation experience. Confirmatory factor analysis found that the common variance denoted by measures of trait mindfulness is unrelated to the common variance among tasks requiring focused attention. These results indicate that mindfulness scales may not be capturing the attentional aspects of mindfulness. Individuals who score high on mindfulness scales do not perform better on focused attention tasks than those who score lower on mindfulness scales. These results have implications for defining and operationalizing mindfulness.

Read the article: Quickel, E.J.W., Johnson, S.K., & David, Z.L. (2014). Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance: Examining the Attentional Construct of Mindfulness. SAGE Open, DOI: 10.1177/2158244014560557



(Something interesting I found)Posted:Dec 01 2014, 12:00 AM by brendah
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