Mainland Chinese Implicit Theory of Wisdom: Generational and Cultural Differences

Hu, C. S., Ferrari, M., Liu, R. D., Gao, Q., & Weare, E. (2016). Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom: Generational and cultural differences. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, gbw157.

Abstract:

Objectives: This is the first study on the Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom. To understand the role of culture and social changes in the implicit theory of wisdom, cultural and generational differences were explored.

Method: Two generations of Mainland Chinese, 50 older adults (age 60–80 years) and 50 younger adults (age 20–30 years), were interviewed individually. Participants first nominated personal acquaintances and historical figures as wisdom exemplars and then gave their own definition of wisdom.

Results: Compared with the older generation, the younger generation nominated both acquaintance scholars and historical scholars more frequently, but acquaintance classmates & colleagues and historical leaders less frequently. Common themes of all participants’ definition of wisdom partially resembled those of Western studies, yet with components that related to Chinese traditions: “Spirituality of disengagement” and “Positive mindset.” Moreover, older generation emphasized “Cognitive engagement” more, but “Positive mindset” and “Spirituality of disengagement” less, than the younger generation.

Discussion: Wisdom aspects of cognitive, practical, and social engagement may be more universal and intergenerational, whereas wisdom aspects of “spirituality” and “mindset” may be more culturally specific and sensitive to social change.

Read the article: Hu, C. S., Ferrari, M., Liu, R. D., Gao, Q., & Weare, E. (2016). Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom: Generational and cultural differences. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, gbw157.



(Something interesting I found)Posted:Dec 01 2016, 12:00 AM by jlmatelski
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