Caitlin Koford


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Graduate Student

University of Chicago

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Recent Publications
Epistemology and Science Education: A Study of Epistemological Views of Teachers
Research in Science & Technological Education, Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 149 - 166. By Alexandros Apostolou and Vasilis Koulaidis The aim of this paper is to study the epistemological views of science teachers for the following epistemological issues: scientific method, demarcation of scientific knowledge, change of scientific knowledge...
How Neuroscience Will Change Our View On Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1080/17588921003731586 By Victor A. F. Lamme Is there consciousness in machines? Or in animals? What happens to consciousness when we are asleep, or in vegetative state? These are just a few examples of the many questions about consciousness that are troubling scientists and...
Selective Changes in Thin Spine Density and Morphology in Monkey Prefrontal Cortex Correlate with Aging-Related Cognitive Impairment
The Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 30 (22), pp. 7507–7515 By Dani Dumitriu, Jiandong Hao, Yuko Hara, Jeffrey Kaufmann, William G. M. Janssen, Wendy Lou, Peter R. Rapp, and John H. Morrison Age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) occurs in many mammalian species, including humans. In contrast to Alzheimer’s disease...
Wisdom and Numbers
Social Science Information, Vol. 49, No. 1, PP. 29-59. By Eerik Lagerspetz There is a permanent tension between the requirements of substantive goodness or wisdom and those of formal legitimacy in public decision-making. This article charts the various attempts to reconcile the two requirements within decision...
Educational Wisdom of African Oral Literature: African Proverbs as vehicles for Enhancing Critical Thinking Skills in Social Studies Education
International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning, Volume 5, Issue 3, PP 59-69. By Lewis Asimeng-Boahene Preparing children to function effectively as global citizens in today's complex and ethnically polarized nations and the world, will require students who think critically about the knowledge of the histories, experiences...
Calvin and Locke: Dueling Epistemologies in The New-England Primer, 1720–1790
Early American Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Volume 8, Number 2, pp. 250-287. By Stephanie Schnorbus Most historians agree there was a shift away from Calvinism and toward Enlightenment thought during the eighteenth century. When discussing that shift in relation to children's literature or education, some historians use The...
Proverbs and the Wisdom of Literature: The Proverbs of Alfred and Chaucer's Tale of Melibee
Textual Practice, Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 407 - 434. By Christopher Cannon In an essay in which he explored the nature of the proverb, Kenneth Burke wondered why it would not be possible to 'extend such analysis … to encompass the whole field of literature'. For Burke, the possibility for such extension...
Complexipacity, Wisdom and Education
On the Horizon, Vol.18, Is.1, PP. 16 - 24. By Tom Abeles Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of the emerging science of complexity and the rise of fast computational capabilities on human understanding of the world and the implications for education. Design/methodology...
Ways of Knowing, Learning, and Developing
Annals of Family Medicine,Vol. 8, PP. 4-10. By Kurt C. Strange The information age presents great opportunity to move from data to information to knowledge and potentially to go further to generate understanding and wisdom. As information is generated in ever smaller segments, however, and as we...
From Executive Mechanisms Underlying Perception and Action to the Parallel Processing of Meaning
Current Anthropology Volume 51, Number S1. By Philip J. Barnard The dominant conceptualization of working memory distinguishes mechanisms that handle auditory‐verbal and visuospatial representations from central executive resources that control and guide them. A straightforward case can be made...
Coevolution of Composite‐Tool Technology, Constructive Memory, and Language
Current Anthropology Volume 51, Number S1. By Stanley H. Ambrose The evolution of modern human behavior was undoubtedly accompanied by neurological changes that enhanced capacities for innovation in technology, language, and social organization associated with working memory. Constructive memory...
Working Memory and the Speed of Life
Current Anthropology Volume 51, Number S1. By April Nowell Hominin evolution is the result of complex interactions of biology and behavior within particular physical, social, and cultural environments. While evolution takes place at the species level, species are made up of individuals engaging...
For Mortal Souls: Philosophy and Therapeia in Nietzsche's Dawn
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, Vol.85, PP. 137-163. By Keith Ansell Pearson This chapter seeks to make a contribution to the growing interest in Nietzsche's relation to traditions of therapy in philosophy that has emerged in recent years. It is in the texts of his middle period (1878–82) that Nietzsche's...
Practical Wisdom and Ethical Awareness Through Student Experiences Of Development
Development in Practice, Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 205 - 218. By Karim-Aly Kassam How is book-learning at university made relevant to societal needs? What pedagogical framework helps to transform students from those who know about major challenges of the twenty-first century to those who know how to respond to such...
Epistemic Beliefs and Achievement Motivation in Early Adolescence
The Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 30, No. 2, 305-340. By Robert Ricco, Sara Schuyten Pierce and Connie Medinilla This study seeks to establish the relevance of middle school students’ naïve beliefs about knowledge and learning in science to their achievement motivation in this domain. A predominantly Hispanic...
A Perspective on Epistemology and Ontology of Indian Psychology
Psychology & Developing Societies, Vol. 22, No. 1, 157-190. By Dharm P. S. Bhawuk The epistemology of Indian Psychology (IP) is akin to that of Indian Philosophy or in general the Indian world view of knowledge, truth and belief about making sense of the self and the world. In this article, the epistemological...
Epistemological Beliefs and Theory of Planned Behavior: Examining Beliefs about Knowledge and Knowing as Distal Predictors of Indonesian Tertiary Students’ Intention to Study
The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, Vol 19, No 1 By Gregory Arief D. Liem, Allan B. I. Bernardo Using the theory of planned behavior or TPB (Ajzen, 2005) as a general framework, the study examines the role of Indonesian students’ beliefs about the nature of knowledge and knowing (epistemological beliefs...
Problems of Other Minds: Solutions and Dissolutions in Analytic and Continental Philosophy
Philosophy Compass, Volume 5, Issue 4, PP. 326 - 335. By Jack Reynolds While there is a great diversity of treatments of other minds and inter-subjectivity within both analytic and continental philosophy, this article specifies some of the core structural differences between these treatments. Although there...
Depth of Field/Depth of Understanding
Schools: Studies in Education, DOI: 10.1086/651297. By Eric Baylin The article is a personal account of my engagement with some recent neuroscientific theory put forth by Mary Helen Immordino‐Yang (University of Southern California) about the integral relationship between emotion and cognition. Specifically...
Feeling Our Feelings: What Philosophers Think and People Know
Philosophy and Literature, Volume 34, Number 1, pp. 263-265. By Suzanna Smith The very title of Eva Brann's book suggests the extent to which "our feelings" is a topic at once familiar and unknown. The title could have been "Feeling Your Feelings" or simply "Feeling Feelings,"...
Baring the Brain as Well as the Soul: Milan Kundera's The Joke
Philosophy and Literature, Volume 34, Number 1, pp. 201-217. By Yvonne Howell Are we innately superstitious? Is it possible for even the most hardened atheist-existentialist not see the hand of destiny, traffic deities, or other disembodied psychological agents when a fortuitous parking spot transforms his life...
Genes, Memes, and the Chinese Concept of Wen: Toward a Nature/Culture Model of Genetics
Philosophy East and West, Volume 60, Number 2, pp. 167-186. By Thorsten Botz-Bornstein The Chinese concept of wen is examined here in the context of contemporary gene theory and the "cultural branch" of gene theory called "memetics." The Chinese notion of wen is an untranslatable term meaning...
The Rehabilitation of Spontaneity: A New Approach in Philosophy of Action
Philosophy East and West, Volume 60, Number 2, pp. 207-250. By Brian J. Bruya Scholars working in philosophy of action still struggle with the freedom/determinism dichotomy that stretches back to Hellenist philosophy and the metaphysics that gave rise to it. Although that metaphysics has been repudiated in current...
Keeping Faith: Evolution and Theology
Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture, Volume 13, Number 2, pp. 132-152. By Jayna L. Ditty and Philip A. Rolnick Since 1859, with the publication of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species , biology has increasingly challenged comfortable theological assumptions. Being convinced, however, that evolutionary biology and theology...
Expert Consensus on Characteristics of Wisdom: A Delphi Method Study
The Gerontologist, doi: 10.1093/geront/gnq022 By Dilip V. Jeste, Monika Ardelt, Dan Blazer, Helena C. Kraemer, George Vaillant and Thomas W. Meeks Purpose: Wisdom has received increasing attention in empirical research in recent years, especially in gerontology and psychology, but consistent definitions...
Collective Wisdom and Individual Freedom
The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Volume 44 Issue S1, Pages 168 - 176. By Christopher McMahon The paper distinguishes two ways of understanding a wise society. A society can be wise by virtue of possessing mostly true evaluative beliefs. Or it can be wise by virtue of employing rational procedures of collective belief formation...
The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth: Robert Grosseteste on Universals (and the Posterior Analytics)
Journal of the History of Philosophy, Volume 48, Number 2, pp. 153-170. By Christina Van *** The reintroduction of aristotle's Analytics to the Latin West—in particular, the reintroduction of the Posterior Analytics —forever altered the course of medieval epistemological discussions. 1 In the memorable words of Jonathan...
On the Epistemology of Language
The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Volume 44, Issue 4, PP. 677 - 696. By Cheng-hung Tsai Epistemology of language, a branch of both epistemology and the philosophy of language, asks what knowledge of language consists in. In this paper, I argue that such an inquiry is a pointless enterprise due to its being based upon the...
Conceptual Challenges and Directions for Social Neuroscience
Neuron, Volume 65, Issue 6, Pages 752-767 By Ralph Adolphs Social neuroscience has been enormously successful and is making major contributions to fields ranging from psychiatry to economics. Yet deep and interesting conceptual challenges abound. Is social information processing domain specific...
Infant and Early Childhood Exposure to Adult-Directed and Child-Directed Television Programming: Relations with Cognitive Skills at Age Four
Volume 56, Number 1, pp. 21-48. By Rachel Barr, Alexis Lauricella, Elizabeth Zack, Sandra L. Calvert. This study described the relations among the amount of child-directed versus adult-directed television exposure at ages 1 and 4 with cognitive outcomes at age 4. Sixty parents completed...
Imagination, Concentration, and Generalization: Peirce on the Reasoning Abilities of the Mathematician
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy, Vol. 45, No. 2. By Daniel G. Campos I discuss the epistemic conditions for the possibility of mathematical discovery that are implied by Peirce’s logic of mathematical inquiry. Peirce describes the mathematician’s reasoning abilities as the powers of imagination, concentration...
Attending to Nature: Empathetic Engagement with the More than Human World
Ethics & the Environment, Vol. 14, No. 2. By Lori Gruen Val Plumwood urged us to attend to earth others in non-dualistic ways. In this essay I suggest that such attention be promoted through what I call "engaged empathy." Engaged empathy involves critical attention to the conditions...
A Theology of Meaning: Hasidism and Deconstruction in Elie Wiesel's Souls on Fire
Studies in American Jewish Literature, Vol. 28, pp 41-45. By Lauren Barlow Elie Wiesel's Souls on Fire , released in 1972, is a personal retelling of the lives and legends of the early Hasidic masters of Eastern Europe. The novel begins with the movement's founder, the Baal Shem, and chronicles the rise...
Translation as Self-Consciousness: Ancient Sciences, Antediluvian Wisdom, and the ‘Abbāsid Translation Movement
Journal of World History, Vol. 20, No. 4. By Hayrettín Yücesoy This article discusses the translation of ancient Greek, Indian, and Persian texts of philosophy and sciences into Arabic from the eighth through the tenth centuries c.e. In particular, it addresses the issue of how ancient sciences...
What’s Wrong With Science? Towards a People’s Rational Science of Delight and Compassion.
London: Pentire Press. By Nicholas Maxwell. What ought to be the aims of science? How can science best serve humanity? What would an ideal science be like, a science that is sensitively and humanely responsive to the needs, problems and aspirations of people? How ought the...
Knowledge and Intellectual Practice in Swahili Context: 'Wisdom' and the Social Dimensions of Knowledge
Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute, Volume 79, Number 1, pp. 148-167. By Kai Kresse This article investigates ‘wisdom’ from an ethnographic perspective that pays attention to the ways in which knowledge is performed, appreciated, negotiated and questioned in everyday life in Mombasa, on the Swahili coast. It discusses the...
Cognitive Error and Contemplative Practices: The Cultivation of Discernment in Mind and Heart
Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 29, pp. 61-82. By Wesley J. Wildman Brains are amazing organs in all creatures with central nervous systems and especially in human beings. But they are not perfect. Without forgetting the larger success story of cognitive evolution, I want to explore the way that cognitive...
Beholding the Logos: The Church, the Environment, and the Meaning of Man
Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture, Volume 12, Number 3, pp. 33-52. By Christopher J. Thompson To behold the heavens and gaze upon the infinite expanse of a star-studded sky, indeed to ponder any vista of creation's splendor is to be drawn not merely into the mystery of creation, the intricacies of cause and effect;...
"I Was a Boy with Power to Talk" (Conf. 1.8.13): Augustine and Ancient Theories of Language Acquisition
Journal of Late Antiquity, Volume 2, Number 2, pp. 357-373. By Tarmo Toom This study compares Augustine's remarks on language acquisition in the Confessions with those of Stoics, Epicureans, and Pyrrhonists and assesses the similarities and differences of the respective accounts. It studies a specific issue...
Why Compare?
New Literary History, Volume 40, Number 3, pp. 453-471. By R. Radhakrishnan. The purpose of this essay is to complicate the rationale that informs "our" will to comparative knowledge. Why do we want to compare when we are not sure who the "we" is? Any act of comparison, despite the best...
The Material World of Comparison
New Literary History, Volume 40, Number 3, pp. 523-545. By Pheng Cheah. If comparison is a fundamental activity of human consciousness, then what is its stimulus internal to consciousness or the human spirit or something that comes from the external or objective world? This essay traces the genealogy of the...
Social Imperatives for Better education: Putting Wisdom on the Agenda
Education Canada, Volume 49, No. 2, p. 40-3. By Sharon Rich, John McLaughlin Educators must adapt the institutions in which they work to ensure students' wisdom is developed. They should recognize and articulate the current educational context, broaden their perspective of education , be prepared...
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Institution

University of Chicago

Current Position

Graduate Student

Highest Degree

Research Interests

Early Christian History in the Western Roman Empire Role of Emotion in Fourth-Century Christian scholars

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