Brenda Huskey


Network Member,Program Staff
Associate Director, Interdisciplinary Programs Admin. Director, UChicago Wisdom Research

University of Chicago

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Administrative Director, Wisdom Research, University of Chicago
Associate Director, Interdisciplinary Programs



Recent Publications
The good, the bad, and the risky: Self-esteem, rewards and costs, and interpersonal risk regulation during relationship initiation
Stinson, D.A., Cameron, J.J., & Robinson. K.J. (2015). The good, the bad, and the risky: Self-esteem, rewards and costs, and interpersonal risk regulation during relationship initiation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 32 (8): 1109-1136. Abstract: Social risk interacts with self-esteem to predict relationship-initiation motivation and behavior. However, because socially risky situations afford both rewards and costs, it is unclear which affordance is responsible for these effects. Two...
Spiritual intelligence: Developing higher consciousness revisited
Sisk, D.A. (2015). Spiritual intelligence: Developing higher consciousness revisited. Gifted Education International: 0261429415602567 Abstract: This article will share the intellectual journey E. Paul Torrance and I traveled in 2001, in which we explored psychology, science and ancient wisdom and traditions, including Native American and indigenous traditions, to establish a foundation...
Secret wisdom: Spiritual intelligence in adolescents
Kilcup, C. (2015). Secret wisdom: Spiritual intelligence in adolescents. Gifted Education International. doi: 10.1177/0261429415602587 Abstract: Current models of spiritual development suggest that adolescents have limited capacity for spirituality and spiritual experiences. Adolescents are seen to have immature moral and ethical judgment and be incapable of deep spiritual experience...
Dignity for the Enemy: A Practice for Reintegrating Combat Veterans Based on Ancient Wisdom
Eigen, D.J. (2015). Dignity for the Enemy: A Practice for Reintegrating Combat Veterans Based on Ancient Wisdom. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. doi: 10.1177/0022167815604467 By incorporating this powerful timeless wisdom, the practice’s goal of transforming the combat veteran’s perceived world of foes into friends becomes more likely. Abstract: There is an ongoing and obvious problem of reintegrating war veterans into family...
Applying Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis to Comparative Benefit-Risk Assessment: Choosing among Statins in Primary Prevention
Tervonen, T. et al. (2015). Applying Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis to Comparative Benefit-Risk Assessment: Choosing among Statins in Primary Prevention. Med Decis Making, 35 (7): 859-871. Abstract Decision makers in different health care settings need to weigh the benefits and harms of alternative treatment strategies. Such health care decisions include marketing authorization by regulatory agencies, practice guideline formulation by clinical...
Social and emotional wellbeing, natural helpers, critical health literacy and translational research: Connecting the dots for positive health outcomes
Drew, N. (2015). Social and emotional wellbeing, natural helpers, critical health literacy and translational research: Connecting the dots for positive health outcomes. Australas Psychiatry. Published online before print September 23, 2015, doi: 10.1177/1039856215604979 Abstract: Objective: The tripartite framework for principled practice was developed as part of the Wundargoodie Aboriginal Youth and Community Wellbeing Programme. The programme engages natural helpers to enhance critical health literacy. This paper examines...
Some extended psychological benefits of challenging social stereotypes: Decreased dehumanization and a reduced reliance on heuristic thinking
Prati, F. et al. (2015). Some extended psychological benefits of challenging social stereotypes: Decreased dehumanization and a reduced reliance on heuristic thinking. Group Processes Intergroup Relations, 18 (6): 801-816. Abstract: One way to promote equality is to encourage people to generate counterstereotypic role models. In two experiments, we demonstrate that such interventions have much broader benefits than previously thought—reducing a reliance on heuristic thinking...
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Advanced Nursing Practice A Nonpharmacologic Approach to Health Promotion, Chronic Disease Management, and Symptom Control
Williams, H., Simmons, L.A., & Tanabe, P. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Advanced Nursing Practice A Nonpharmacologic Approach to Health Promotion, Chronic Disease Management, and Symptom Control. J Holist Nurs, 33 (3) :247-259. Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss how advanced practice nurses (APNs) can incorporate mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as a nonpharmacologic clinical tool in their practice. Over the last 30 years, patients and providers have increasingly...
What Is the Impact of Online Training in Mind–Body Skills?
Kemper, K.J., Lynn, J., & Mahan, J.D. (2015). What Is the Impact of Online Training in Mind–Body Skills? Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 20 (4): 275-282. Abstract: Background. Mind–body skills (MBS) training is popular, but in-person training can be inconvenient and costly. We assessed the impact of online MBS training on clinicians’ and trainees’ stress, mindfulness, and confidence in providing calm,...
Positive intergroup contact, negative intergroup contact, and threat as predictors of cognitive and affective dimensions of prejudice
Aberson, C.L. (2015). Positive intergroup contact, negative intergroup contact, and threat as predictors of cognitive and affective dimensions of prejudice. Group Processes Intergroup Relations, 18 (6): 743-760. Abstract: Research on intergroup contact suggests that contact relates more strongly to affective than cognitive dimensions of prejudice. However, work on these forms of prejudice focuses primarily on positive contact experiences. One goal of this study...
Neuroenhancement: How mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue
Fröding, B. & Osika, W. (2015). Neuroenhancement: How mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue. Springer International Publishing. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-23517-2 - Discusses the potential, and the positive effects, of regular meditation both from the perspective of the individual and the broader society suggesting that it could help promote a more ethical social climate - Offers a fresh take by connecting meditation...
The Wisdom of Tacit Knowing-in-Action and Mission Command
Moilanen, J.H. (2015). The Wisdom of Tacit Knowing-in-Action and Mission Command. Adult Learning, 26 (3): 101-108. Abstract Adult learners regularly confront complex and dynamic challenges in moments of crisis that require self-efficacy of intuition and immediate decision. Such “snap decision-making” requires highly developed critical thinking skills to effectively...
Integrative Medical Care Plus Mindfulness Training for Patients With Congestive Heart Failure: Proof of Concept
Kemper, K.J., Carmin, C., Mehta, B., & Binkley, P. (2015). Integrative Medical Care Plus Mindfulness Training for Patients With Congestive Heart Failure: Proof of Concept. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine: 2156587215599470 Abstract: Congestive heart failure (CHF) has a high rate of morbidity and mortality. It is often accompanied by other medical and psychosocial comorbidities that complicate treatment and adherence. We conducted a proof of concept pilot project to determine...
A Brief History of the Current Reemergence of Contemplative Education
Morgan, P.F. (2015). A Brief History of the Current Reemergence of Contemplative Education. Journal of Transformative Education, 13 (3): 197-218. Abstract: This article explores the history of the current reemergence of a contemplative orientation in education. While referencing an ancient history, it primarily examines the history of contemporary contemplative education through three significant...
Development of a 12-Item Abbreviated Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS-12) Item Selection and Psychometric Properties
Thomas, M.L., Bangen, K.J., Ardelt, M., & Jeste, D.V. (2015). Development of a 12-Item Abbreviated Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS-12) Item Selection and Psychometric Properties. Assessment, doi: 10.1177/1073191115595714 Abstract: Wisdom has been reported to be associated with better mental health and quality of life among older adults. Over the past decades, there has been considerable growth in empirical research on wisdom, including the development of standardized...
Empathy, Justice, and Moral Behavior
Decety, J. & Cowell, J.M. (2015). Empathy, Justice, and Moral Behavior. AJOB Neuroscience, Special Issue: The Social Brain, 6 (3): 3-14. Abstract: Empathy shapes the landscape of our social lives. It motivates prosocial and caregiving behaviors, plays a role in inhibiting aggression, and facilitates cooperation between members of a similar social group. Thus, empathy is often conceived...
Reacting to crises: The risk-averse nature of contemporary American public education
Moran, P. (2015). Reacting to crises: The risk-averse nature of contemporary American public education. Policy Futures in Education, 13 (5): 621-638. Abstract: Over the past several decades, numerous arguments have been made advancing the notion that the failings of the public education system in the United States have placed the nation’s national security or economic prosperity at risk. This article...
Provoking aspiration: Risk-management through the cultivation of future selves in college recruitment
Posecznick, A. (2015). Provoking aspiration: Risk-management through the cultivation of future selves in college recruitment. Policy Futures in Education, 13 (5): 639-661. Abstract: Drawing upon data from an ethnography of college admissions, I describe how the admissions’ personnel and faculty mobilize persuasive scripts that invite prospective students to reimagine themselves as subjects with a fluid set of aspirations...
The Exposure Advantage: Early Exposure to a Multilingual Environment Promotes Effective Communication
Fan, S.P., Liberman, Z., Keysar, B, & Kinzler, K.D. (2015). The Exposure Advantage: Early Exposure to a Multilingual Environment Promotes Effective Communication. Psychological Science May 8, 2015 0956797615574699 Abstract: Early language exposure is essential to developing a formal language system, but may not be sufficient for communicating effectively. To understand a speaker’s intention, one must take the speaker’s perspective. Multilingual exposure may promote...
Career Advice From an Oldish Not-Quite Geezer: You can’t count on your publications and awards to take care of you
Sternberg, R.J. (2015). Career Advice From an Oldish Not-Quite Geezer. You can’t count on your publications and awards to take care of you. The Chronicle of Higher Education. By Robert J. Sternberg, The Chronicle of Higher Education Over the course of my career, I’ve given and received a lot of advice. Much of it was wrong. Sometimes it lacked the perspective that comes with age and experience. So now, as an official "oldster"...
Focus on participation for children and youth with disabilities: Supporting therapy practice through a guided knowledge translation process
Anaby, D., Korner-Bitensky, N., Law, M. & Cormier, I. (2015). Focus on participation for children and youth with disabilities: Supporting therapy practice through a guided knowledge translation process. British Journal of Occupational Therapy May 1, 2015 0308022614563942 Abstract: Introduction Participation in community leisure occupations of children with disabilities is important, yet poorly integrated into practice. This knowledge translation strategy tested an intervention to increase clinicians' awareness and...
African American Undergraduate Students’ Wisdom and Ego-Identity Development: Effects of Age, Gender, Self-Esteem, and Resilience
Bang, H. African American Undergraduate Students’ Wisdom and Ego-Identity Development: Effects of Age, Gender, Self-Esteem, and Resilience. Journal of Black Psychology, 41 (2): 95-120. Abstract: The present study provides valuable insight into African American youths’ ego-identity and wisdom development. The study examines the relationship between wisdom dimensions (cognitive, affective, and reflective) and ego-identity statuses (achievement...
Emerging Adulthood, Evolving Worldviews: How Life Events Impact College Students’ Developing Belief Systems
Gutierrez, I.A. & Park, C.L. (2015). Emerging adulthood, evolving worldviews: How life events impact college students’ developing belief systems. Emerging Adulthood, 3 (2): 85-97. Abstract: Worldviews—a person’s fundamental perspectives on social and metaphysical reality—relate to multiple aspects of psychological functioning and well-being. Theory on emerging adulthood contends that individuals between the ages of 18 and 29 explore...
Awareness, Integration and Interconnectedness Contemplative Practices of Higher Education Professionals
Beer, L.E. et al. (2015). Awareness, integration and interconnectedness contemplative practices of higher education professionals. Journal of Transformative Education, 1541344615572850. Abstract: Contemplative practices support transformative learning processes but can be difficult to identify in a higher education environment. Advocates of contemplative approaches to education see this void as a concern: When topics like these are ignored...
Identifying attentional deployment tactics in older adults’ written narratives about emotionally upsetting events
Devereux, P.G. et al. (2015). Identifying attentional deployment tactics in older adults’ written narratives about emotionally upsetting events. J Health Psychol March 16, 2015 1359105315573444 Abstract: Essays about distressing events written by 58 older adults on three occasions (n = 174) were coded to identify how older adults responded when confronting an emotionally upsetting event. Participants limited the experience of negative emotion...
Perceptions of Successful Aging: Intergenerational Voices Value Well-Being
Kelly, G.A. & Lazarus, J. (2015). Perceptions of Successful Aging: Intergenerational Voices Value Well-Being. Int J Aging Hum Dev, 80 (3): 233-247. Abstract: This study explored the perceptions of successful aging from intergenerational perspectives. A total of 66 participants were interviewed from three different generations including college students, parents, and grandparents. After qualitative...
Acute Effects of Online Mind–Body Skills Training on Resilience, Mindfulness, and Empathy
Kemper, K.J. & Khirallah, M. (2015). Acute Effects of Online Mind–Body Skills Training on Resilience, Mindfulness, and Empathy. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine March 17, 2015 2156587215575816 Abstract: Background. Some studies have begun to show benefits of brief in-person mind–body skills training. We evaluated the effects of 1-hour online elective mind–body skills training for health professionals on mindfulness, resilience, and empathy...
Minds “At Attention”: Mindfulness Training Curbs Attentional Lapses in Military Cohorts
Jha AP, Morrison AB, Dainer-Best J, Parker S, Rostrup N, Stanley EA (2015) Minds “At Attention”: Mindfulness Training Curbs Attentional Lapses in Military Cohorts. PLoS ONE 10(2): e0116889. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116889 Abstract: We investigated the impact of mindfulness training (MT) on attentional performance lapses associated with task-unrelated thought (i.e., mind wandering). Periods of persistent and intensive demands may compromise attention and increase off-task...
Images of Aging: Outside and Inside Perspectives
Staudinger, U.M. (2015). Images of Aging: Outside and Inside Perspectives. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 35(1): 187-209. Abstract: Chronological age is but one, and not the most accurate, indicator of human aging. Multiple outside (i.e., objective) and inside (i.e., subjective) perspectives on aging need to be considered to do justice to the multidimensionality of human...
Individual Differences in Facial Emotion Processing: Trait Emotional Intelligence, Cognitive Ability, or Transient Stress?
Matthews, G. et al. (2015). Individual Differences in Facial Emotion Processing: Trait Emotional Intelligence, Cognitive Ability, or Transient Stress? Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 33 (1): 68-82. Abstract: This study tested whether trait emotional intelligence (TEI) measures of narrow bandwidth predict perception of facial emotion, using two tasks: identification of microexpressions of emotion and controlled visual search for target emotions....
The Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale: Adaptation and Validation for Young Adolescents
Qualter, P. et al. (2015). The Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale: Adaptation and Validation for Young Adolescents. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 33 (1): 33-45. Abstract: Emotional self-efficacy (ESE) is an important aspect of emotional functioning, with current measures for children and adolescents focused on the measurement of self-beliefs in relation to the management of emotions. In the present study, we...
Self-Report Assessments of Emotional Competencies: A Critical Look at Methods and Meanings
Keefer, K.V. (2015). Self-Report Assessments of Emotional Competencies: A Critical Look at Methods and Meanings Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 33 (1): 3-23. Abstract: This Special Issue of the Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment offers a critical appraisal of the validity, applied utility, and limitations of self-report assessments of emotional competencies. Using self-concept theory as an integrative...
Ethical Challenges in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences: Case Studies and Commentaries
Sternberg, R. J., & Fiske, S. E. (Eds.) (2015). Ethical challenges in the behavioral and brain sciences: Case studies and commentaries. New York: Cambridge University Press. In recent years, a growing number of scientific careers have been brought down by scientists' failure to satisfactorily confront ethical challenges. Scientists need to learn early on what constitutes acceptable ethical behavior in their professions...
Effects of a Classroom-Based Yoga Intervention on Cortisol and Behavior in Second- and Third-Grade Students: A Pilot Study
Butzer et al. (2015). Effects of a Classroom-Based Yoga Intervention on Cortisol and Behavior in Second- and Third-Grade Students: A Pilot Study. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 20 (1): 41-49. Abstract: This uncontrolled pilot study examined the effects of a classroom-based yoga intervention on cortisol concentrations and perceived behavior in children. A 10-week Yoga 4 Classrooms intervention was implemented in one second-grade and one third...
The Importance of Cultivating Mindfulness for Cognitive and Emotional Well-Being in Late Life
Fiocco, A.J. & Mallya, S. (2015). The Importance of Cultivating Mindfulness for Cognitive and Emotional Well-Being in Late Life. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 20(1): 35-40. Abstract: The cultivation of mindfulness has received increasing attention over the past 2 decades because of its association with increased psychological well-being and reduced stress-related health disorders. Given the robust positive association between...
Why empathy has a beneficial impact on others in medicine: unifying theories
Decety, J. & Fotopoulou, A. (2015). Why empathy has a beneficial impact on others in medicine: Unifying theories. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 8:457. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00457 Abstract: The past decades have seen an explosion of studies on empathy in various academic domains including affective neuroscience, psychology, medicine, and economics. However, the volumes of research have almost exclusively focused on its evolutionary...
Non-judgemental Discourse in the Development of Critical Capacity for Language Teachers
Edge, J. (2015). Non-judgemental Discourse in the Development of Critical Capacity for Language Teachers. RELC Journal. Published online before print January 16, 2015, doi: 10.1177/0033688214561622 Abstract: A major structural problem in the teaching of English worldwide is to be found in the arthritic power relationships that continue to limit the continuing professional development of its practitioners. The acceptance of the superior status of...
Wiser: Getting Beyond Groupthink to Make Groups Smarter
Sunstein, C.R. & Hastie, R. (2015). Wiser: Getting Beyond Groupthink to Make Groups Smarter. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press. Why are group decisions so hard? Since the beginning of human history, people have made decisions in groups—first in families and villages, and now as part of companies, governments, school boards, religious organizations, or any one of countless other...
Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance: Examining the Attentional Construct of Mindfulness
Quickel, E.J.W., Johnson, S.K., & David, Z.L. (2014). Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance: Examining the Attentional Construct of Mindfulness. SAGE Open, DOI: 10.1177/2158244014560557 Abstract: Mindfulness meditation (MM) training has been shown to have positive effects on working memory and focused attention tasks. Clarifying the construct of mindfulness is important so that mindfulness can be studied effectively in individual differences...
Sustainability, cognitive technologies and the digital semiosphere
Bruni, L.E. (2014). Sustainability, cognitive technologies and the digital semiosphere. International Journal of Cultural Studies, (18 )1: 103-117. Abstract: The convergence of digital and multimodal cognitive technologies offers the possibility to interact in an ‘on-line’ cultural process mediated by new ways of representing our thoughts, emotions, ideas, beliefs, opinions and behaviours. Such technological...
How Critical Is Critical Thinking?
Shaw, R.D. (2014). How Critical Is Critical Thinking? Music Educators Journal, 101 (2): 65-70. Abstract: Recent educational discourse is full of references to the value of critical thinking as a 21st-century skill. In music education, critical thinking has been discussed in relation to problem solving and music listening, and some researchers suggest...
Leadership development: A place for storytelling and Greek mythology?
Schedlitzki, D., Jarvis, C., MacInnes, J. (2014). Leadership development: A place for storytelling and Greek mythology? Management Learning. 1350507614560303 Abstract: This article explores how storytelling and Greek mythology within classroom-based leadership development may facilitate learning to deal with ambiguity and social construction in leadership practice. We aim to show how using narratives and making...
Turnaround, Transformational, or Transactional Leadership: An Ethical Dilemma in School Reform
Mette, I.M & Scribner, J.P. (2014). Turnaround, Transformational, or Transactional Leadership: An Ethical Dilemma in School Reform. Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 17 (4): 3-18. Abstract: This case was written for school leaders, specifically building-level principals and central office administrators attempting to implement school turnaround reform efforts. Often, leaders who embark on this type of organizational change work...
Transformational leadership related to school climate: A multi-level analysis
McCarley, T.A., Peters, M.L., & Decman, J.M. (2014). Transformational leadership related to school climate: A multi-level analysis. Educational Management Administration Leadership. 1741143214549966. Abstract: Across the nation, quality leadership and positive school climate are critical to the success of every principal, student, and school. As a result, this study examined the relationship between teacher perceptions of the degree to which a principal...
The moderating and mediating roles of self-acceptance and tolerance to others in the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being
Wei Xu, Tian PS Oei, Xinghua Liu, Xiaoming Wang, & Chen Ding. (2014). The moderating and mediating roles of self-acceptance and tolerance to others in the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being. J Health Psychol November 13, 2014 1359105314555170 Abstract: This study explored the moderating and mediating influences of self-acceptance and tolerance to others in the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being. In total, 301 (130 males) university students completed the Five-Facet...
Teachers’ perceptions of the utilization of emotional competence by their school leaders in Gauteng South Africa
Grobler, B. (2014). Teachers’ perceptions of the utilization of emotional competence by their school leaders in Gauteng South Africa. Educational Management Administration Leadership, 42 (6): 868-888. Abstract: Attempts to improve poor academic performance in South African public schools resulted in the Schooling 2025 mandate, which stipulated the academic standards that learners needed to achieve by 2014. As school leaders must do this through their...
How to Make a Grateful Child? Reflection on Gratitude Campaigns in China in Recent Years
Li, S. (2014). How to Make a Grateful Child? Reflection on Gratitude Campaigns in China in Recent Years. Sage Open. DOI: 10.1177/2158244014559017 Abstract: Only-child generations in China are widely perceived as self-centered and lacking a grateful heart. Edward Gibbon says that gratitude may sometimes be costly. This article argues that family responsibility education with a focus on a sense of...
Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology
Chen, C-Y. & Midgley, G. (2014). Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology. Action Research, 1476750314558428. Abstract: Problem avoidance can be an issue in both Eastern and Western cultures, and in some Eastern contexts it can stem from the desire to promote organizational harmony: identifying problems can lead to blame, thereby fracturing harmonious relationships...
Transformative Learning Through Conceptual Metaphors: Simile, Metaphor, and Analogy as Levers for Learning
Hoggan, C. (2014). Transformative Learning Through Conceptual Metaphors: Simile, Metaphor, and Analogy as Levers for Learning. Adult Learning, 25 (4): 134-141. Abstract: This article presents findings from a research study wherein participants demonstrated the use of similes, metaphors, and analogies, termed conceptual metaphors, in response to disorienting dilemmas instigated by *** cancer. In this qualitative...
A Cross-Cultural Examination of Self-Leadership: Testing for Measurement Invariance Across Four Cultures
Houghton, J.D., Carnes, A. & Ellison, C.N. (2014). A Cross-Cultural Examination of Self-Leadership: Testing for Measurement Invariance Across Four Cultures. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 21 (4): 414-430. Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the cross-cultural validity of self-leadership by confirming a second-order factor structure and testing for measurement invariance in the operationalization of the self-leadership construct across four...
Blind forces Ethical infrastructures and moral disengagement in organizations
Martin, S.R., Kish-Gephart, J.J., & Detert, J.R. (2014). Blind forces Ethical infrastructures and moral disengagement in organizations. Organizational Psychology Review, 4 (4): 295-325. Abstract: This review integrates research regarding organizations’ ethical infrastructure and moral disengagement to illustrate the complicated relationship between these constructs. We argue that employee perceptions of strong ethical infrastructures...
The many faces of emotional contagion An affective process theory of affective linkage
Elfenbein, H.A. (2014). The many faces of emotional contagion An affective process theory of affective linkage. Organizational Psychology Review, 4 (4): 326-362. Abstract: Emotional contagion—emotions being linked across people—has captured psychologists’ attention yet little is known about its mechanisms. Early influential treatments focused on primitive mimicry. Later accounts emphasized (a) social comparison...
Agonistic Moderation Administrating With the Wisdom of Sophrosyne
Stanisevski, D. (2014). Agonistic Moderation Administrating With the Wisdom of Sophrosyne. Administration & Society, 0095399714553730 Abstract: The article argues that despite frequent debates about the excesses of government, public administration lacks a systematic theoretical examination of the concept of moderation. To that end, the article first questions the ancient Hellenic wisdom...
From the West to the East Validating Servant Leadership in the Chinese Public Sector
Liu, B., Hu1, W. & Cheng, Y. (2014). From the West to the East Validating Servant Leadership in the Chinese Public Sector. Public Personnel Management October 29, 2014 0091026014555995 Abstract: This study examined the generalizability of servant leadership constructs observed in Western society to China. Using a sample of 659 Chinese public employees, we observed the servant leadership in China, but the generalizability of the construct...
Going Green in Public Organizations: Linking Organizational Commitment and Public Service Motives to Public Employees’ Workplace Eco-Initiatives
Stritch, J.M. & Christensen, R.K. (2014). Going Green in Public Organizations: Linking Organizational Commitment and Public Service Motives to Public Employees’ Workplace Eco-Initiatives. he American Review of Public Administration, October 6, 2014 0275074014552470. Abstract: Public servants are expected to be good stewards of resources, including the energy and environmental resources consumed in a public organization’s day-to-day operations. Many government organizations have enacted policies to mitigate the environmental...
Paths from Trauma to Intrapersonal Strength: Worldview, Posttraumatic Growth, and Wisdom
Webster, J.D. & Deng, X.C. (2014). Paths from trauma to intrapersonal strength: Worldview, posttraumatic growth, and wisdom. Journal of Loss and Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress & Coping, DOI: 10.1080/15325024.2014.932207 Abstract: Both posttraumatic growth and wisdom have been linked with traumatic life events as predictors and various mental health factors as outcomes. One hundred thirty males and 190 females wrote brief trauma narratives and completed measures of worldview...
Learning Networks and the Practice of Wisdom
Marshall, N. & Simpson, B. (2014). Learning Networks and the Practice of Wisdom. Journal of Management Inquiry, 23(4): 421-432. Abstract: Learning networks offer a context and methodology for business managers to learn from each other’s experience. However, the extent to which these networks can facilitate and support wise action remains an open question. In this article, we adopt...
A social neuroscience perspective on clinical empathy
Decety, J., Smith, K.E., Norman, G.J., & Halpern, J. (2014). A social neuroscience perspective on clinical empathy. World Psychiatry. 13 (3): 233–237. Excerpt: Clinical empathy is an important element of quality health care. Empathic communication is associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints [1]. Patients' perceptions of their...
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms: Building Acceptance and Decreasing Shame
Goldsmith, R.E. et al. (2014). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms: Building Acceptance and Decreasing Shame. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 19 (4), 227-234. Abstract: Mindfulness-based psychotherapies are associated with reductions in depression and anxiety. However, few studies address whether mindfulness-based approaches may benefit individuals with posttraumatic stress symptoms. The current pilot study...
Texting behind the Wheel and Beyond: A Look at Problematic Habits
Schroeder, B.L. & Sims, V.K. (2014). Texting behind the Wheel and Beyond: A Look at Problematic Habits. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 58 (1): 1376-1380. Abstract: Texting while driving is a dangerous behavior that is heavily researched. However, there are other problematic texting habits that are less well-researched. A study was performed to examine other potentially problematic texting behaviors in...
Positive Psychology and Physical Health Research and Applications
Park, N., Peterson, C., Szvarca, D., Vander Molen, R.J., Kim, E.S., & Collon, K. (2014). Positive Psychology and Physical Health Research and Applications, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF LIFESTYLE MEDICINE, September 26, 2014 1559827614550277 Abstract: Positive psychology is the scientific study of a healthy and flourishing life. The goal of positive psychology is to complement and extend the traditional problem-focused psychology that has proliferated in recent decades. Positive psychology...
The Upside of Your Dark Side: Why Being Your Whole Self--Not Just Your "Good" Self--Drives Success and Fulfillment
Kashdan, T. & Biswas-Diener. (2014). The Upside of Your Dark Side: Why Being Your Whole Self--Not Just Your "Good" Self--Drives Success and Fulfillment. Hudson Street Press: New York, NY. In The Upside of Your Dark Side , two pioneering researchers in the field of psychology show that while mindfulness, kindness, and positivity can take us far, they cannot take us all the way. Sometimes, they can even hold us back. Emotions such as anger...
Building Wisdom and Character
Sternberg, R. J. (2014). Building wisdom and character. In S. J. Lynn, W. O’Donohue, & S. Lilienfeld (Eds.), Health, happiness, and well-being: Better living through psychological science (pp. 296-316). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Health, Happiness, and Well-Being by authors Steven Jay Lynn, William T. O’Donohue, and Scott O. Lilienfeld provides the essential tools for becoming a knowledgeable consumer of information on behavioral health. Packed with examples drawn from the media...
Wisdom, management and organization
Nonaka, I., Chia, R., Holt, R., & Peltokorpi, V. (2014). Wisdom, management and organization. Management Learning, 45 (4), 365-376. Excerpt: From knowledge to wisdom Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Where is the knowledge we have lost in information? (Eliot (2001), The Four Quartets) Wisdom has enjoyed an inverted history; while it seemed to have been pre-eminent in...
Emotional outcomes of regulation strategies used during personal music listening: A mobile experience sampling study
Randall, W.M. & Rickard, N.S. (2014). Emotional outcomes of regulation strategies used during personal music listening: A mobile experience sampling study. Musicae Scientiae, 18 (3), 275-291. Abstract: Music is frequently used to support emotional health and well-being, with emotion regulation the most commonly reported mechanism. Music-based emotion regulation has not yet been extensively investigated within the broader emotion regulation...
Prescribing conduct: Enactments of talk or thought in advice-giving sequences
Sandlund, E. (2014). Prescribing conduct: Enactments of talk or thought in advice-giving sequences. Discourse Studies, 16(5), 645-666. Abstract: In everyday interaction, people recurrently animate, enact, or report on talk or thought (Clift and Holt, 2007). In this article, enactments of hypothetical, non-narrative talk in advice-relevant sequences are examined, with a focus on their...
Trait and State Authenticity Across Cultures
Slabu, L., Lenton, A.P., Sedikides, C. & Bruder, M. (2014). Trait and State Authenticity Across Cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, October 2014, 45(9), 1347-1373. Abstract: We examined the role of culture in both trait and state authenticity, asking whether the search for and experience of the “true self” is a uniquely Western phenomenon or is relevant cross-culturally. We tested participants from the United States...
Specific Mindfulness Skills Differentially Predict Creative Performance
Baas, M., Nevicka, B., & Ten Velden, F.S. (2014). Specific Mindfulness Skills Differentially Predict Creative Performance. Pers Soc Psychol Bull, 40(9), 1092-1106. Abstract: Past work has linked mindfulness to improved emotion regulation, interpersonal skills, and basic cognitive abilities, but is unclear about the relation between mindfulness and creativity. Studies examining effects of mindfulness on factors pertinent...
The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Children’s Attention Regulation
Felver, J.C., Tipsord, J.M., Morris, M.J. Racer, K.H., & Dishion, T.J. (2014). The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Children’s Attention Regulation. Journal of Attention Disorders August 29, 2014 1087054714548032. Abstract: Objective: This article describes results from a randomized clinical trial of a mindfulness-based intervention for parents and children, Mindful Family Stress Reduction, on a behavioral measure of attention in youths, the Attention Network Task...
Emotion regulation strategy mediates both positive and negative relationships between music uses and well-being
Chin, T.C. & Rickard, N.S. (2014). Emotion regulation strategy mediates both positive and negative relationships between music uses and well-being. Psychology of Music, 42 (5), 692-713. Abstract: The mediating effects of emotion regulation (reappraisal and suppression) were examined in the relationship between music engagement and well-being. Emotion regulation strategies (Emotion Regulation Questionnaire; Gross & John, 2003) and...
Developing wisdom in a business school? Critical reflections on pedagogical practice
Statler, M. (2014). Developing wisdom in a business school? Critical reflections on pedagogical practice. Management Learning Management Learning, 45 (4), 397-417. Abstract: This essay considers the question of whether, and if so, how wisdom may be developed in a business school. It begins with a critical exegesis of a passage from the recent Carnegie report Rethinking Undergraduate Business Education: Liberal Learning...
Exploring the practical wisdom of mētis for management learning
Mackay, D., Zundel, M., & Alkirwi, M. (2014). Exploring the practical wisdom of mētis for management learning. Management Learning, 45 (4), 418-436. Abstract: This article investigates the nature of practical wisdom in organizational life through the notion of mētis, which we interpret as situated resourcefulness. Drawing on Greek mythology, we explore the nature of mētis and discuss its mythological...
Evaluation of Physicians’ Cognitive Styles
Djulbegovic, B. et al. (2014). Evaluation of Physicians’ Cognitive Styles. Med Decis Making, 34 (5), 627-637. Abstract: Background . Patient outcomes critically depend on accuracy of physicians’ judgment, yet little is known about individual differences in cognitive styles that underlie physicians’ judgments. The objective of this study was to assess physicians...
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction as a Stress Management Intervention for Healthy Individuals: A Systematic Review
Sharma, M. & Rush, S.E. (2014). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction as a Stress Management Intervention for Healthy Individuals: A Systematic Review. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 2156587214543143. Abstract: Stress is a global public health problem with several negative health consequences, including anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease, and suicide. Mindfulness-based stress reduction offers an effective way of reducing stress by combining...
The Virtues of Happiness
Bloomfield, P. (2014). The Virtues of Happiness. Oxford University Press. As children, we learn life is unfair: bad things happen to good people and good things happen to bad people. So, it is natural to ask, "Why play fairly in an unfair world? If being immoral will get you what you want and you know you can't get...
The greatest magic of Harry Potter: Reducing prejudice
Vezzali, L., Stathi, S., Giovannini, D., Capozza, D. and Trifiletti, E. (2014). The greatest magic of Harry Potter: Reducing prejudice. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12279 Abstract: Recent research shows that extended contact via story reading is a powerful strategy to improve out-group attitudes. We conducted three studies to test whether extended contact through reading the popular best-selling books of Harry Potter improves...
Seeking Wholeheartedness in Education: Power, Hegemony, and Transformation
Duenkel, N. Pratt, J. & Sullivan, J. (2014). Seeking Wholeheartedness in Education: Power, Hegemony, and Transformation. Journal of Transformative Education, 12 (3): 266-291. Abstract: This article describes a Cooperative Inquiry (CI) undertaken by seven transformative educators who set out to explore how they could better walk with the authority inherent in their professional roles so as to avoid unconsciously replicating...
Faith and Wisdom in Science
McLeish, T. (2014). Faith and Wisdom in Science. Oxford University Press. "Can you Count the Clouds?" asks the voice of God from the whirlwind in the stunningly beautiful catalogue of nature -- questions from the Old Testament Book of Job. Tom McLeish takes a scientist's reading of this ancient text as a centrepiece...
The role of the principal’s emotional intelligence in primary education leadership
Brinia, V., Zimianiti, L. & Panagiotopoulos, K. (2014). The role of the principal’s emotional intelligence in primary education leadership. Educational Management Administration Leadership July 2014 vol. 42 no. 4 suppl 28-44. Abstract: The development of emotional intelligence skills offers sufficient leadership qualities for advancing the organization and for achieving its objectives. In particular, the emotionally intelligent leader–principal is able to inspire and facilitate...
The Complex Relation Between Morality and Empathy
Decety, J. & Cowell, J.M. (2014). The complex relation between morality and empathy. Trends in Cognitive Scienecs, 18 (7), 337–339. Morality and empathy are fundamental components of human nature across cultures. However, the wealth of empirical findings from developmental, behavioral, and social neuroscience demonstrates a complex relation between morality and empathy. At times,...
Performing phronesis: On the way to engaged judgment
Shotter, J. & Tsoukas, H. (2014). Performing phronesis: On the way to engaged judgment. Management Learning July 9, 2014 1350507614541196 Abstract: Practical wisdom and judgment, rather than seen as ‘things’ hidden inside the mind, are best talked of, we suggest, as emerging developmentally within an unceasing flow of activities, in which practitioners are inextricably immersed. Following...
The relationship between different facets of empathy, pain perception and compassion fatigue among physicians
Gleichgerrcht, E. & Decety, J. (2014). The relationship between different facets of empathy, pain perception and compassion fatigue among physicians. Front. Behav. Neurosci., 11 July 2014 | doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00243 Background: Medical practitioners such as physicians are continuously exposed to the suffering and the distress of patients. Understanding the way pain perception relates to empathetic dispositions and professional quality of life can contribute to the...
Advancing emotionally intelligent justice within public life and popular culture
Flynn, N. (2014). Advancing emotionally intelligent justice within public life and popular culture. Theoretical Criminology August 2014 vol. 18 no. 3 354-370. Abstract: Based on the understanding that traditional forms of justice are characterized by ‘affective authoritarianism’, Lawrence W Sherman has argued that a new system of emotionally intelligent justice is needed to nurture the expression of positive...
The neuroevolution of empathy and caring for others: Why it matters for morality.
Decety, J. (2014). The neuroevolution of empathy and caring for others: Why it matters for morality. In J. Decety and Y. Christen (Eds). New Frontiers in Social Neuroscience (pp. 127-151). New York: Springer. Traditionally, neuroscience has considered the nervous system as an isolated entity and largely ignored influences of the social environments in which humans and many animal species live. In fact, we now recognize the considerable impact of social structures...
Validation of a Chinese Version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Hong Kong and Development of a Short Form
Hou, J. et al. (2014). Validation of a Chinese Version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Hong Kong and Development of a Short Form. Assessment, 21( 3), 363-371. Abstract: Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly being used in various populations to improve well-being and reduce psychological afflictions. However, there is lack of a validated mindfulness measurement in the Chinese language. This study...
Time to flourish: the relationship of temporal perspective to well-being and wisdom across adulthood
Webster, J.D., Bohlmeijer, E.T., & Westerhof, G.J. (2014). Time to flourish: the relationship of temporal perspective to well-being and wisdom across adulthood. Aging & Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2014.908458 Objectives: Despite the centrality of time to the aging process, the well-being consequences of different temporal orientations for optimal aging are poorly understood. We investigate one underexamined area of temporal orientation, namely a balanced time...
Practicing Medicine and Ethics: Integrating Wisdom, Conscience, and Goals of Care
Kaldjian, L.C. (2014). Practicing Medicine and Ethics: Integrating Wisdom, Conscience, and Goals of Care. Cambridge University Press: New York, NY. To practice medicine and ethics, physicians need wisdom and integrity to integrate scientific knowledge, patient preferences, their own moral commitments, and society's expectations. This work of integration requires a physician to pursue certain...
Phronesis and moral education: Treading beyond the truisms
Kristjánsson, K. (2014). Phronesis and moral education: Treading beyond the truisms. Theory and Research in Education 2014, Vol. 12(2) 151 –171. Abstract: Whereas most latter-day Aristotelian approaches to moral education highlight the early habituation phase of moral development, they rarely have much to say, beyond truisms from the Nicomachean ethics , about the ultimate Aristotelian goal of...
Exploring Solomon’s Paradox: Self- Distancing Eliminates the Self-Other Asymmetry in Wise Reasoning About Close Relationships in Younger and Older Adults
Grossmann, I., & Kross, E. (2014). Exploring "Solomon's paradox": Self-distancing eliminates the self-other asymmetry in wise reasoning about close relations in younger and older adults. Psychological Science, 1-10. Abtract: Are people wiser when reflecting on other people’s problems compared with their own? If so, does self-distancing eliminate this asymmetry in wise reasoning? In three experiments (N = 693), participants displayed wiser reasoning (i.e., recognizing...
Wisdom and/or Dementia: Is This the Choice American Society Is Mired In?
Gullette, M.M. (2014). Wisdom and/or Dementia: Is This the Choice American Society Is Mired In? Interpretation April 2014 vol. 68 no. 2 122-135. Abstract: Using the socially-constructed binary between wisdom and cognitive impairment as its case study, this essay tries to break this binary, first by describing and contextualizing the situation of the author’s mother in her 90s. Dangers to American...
Book Review: Subhash Sharma, Wisdom & Consciousness from the East: Life, Living & Leadership
Bhattacharya, S. & Bhattacharya, S. (2014). Book Review: Subhash Sharma, Wisdom & Consciousness from the East: Life, Living & Leadership. Journal of Human Values 2014 20: 113. Book Review: Subhash Sharma, Wisdom & Consciousness from the East: Life, Living & Leadership, 2013, Bangalore: IBA Publications, pp. 212, ` 320, ISBN 978-81-920996-3-7. Excerpt: This book is an attempt by the author to spread the wisdom and consciousness...
Cross-National and Religious Relationships with Posttraumatic Growth: The Role of Individual Differences and Perceptions of the Triggering Event
Taku, K. & Cann, A. (2014). Cross-National and Religious Relationships with Posttraumatic Growth: The Role of Individual Differences and Perceptions of the Triggering Event. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 54(2) :203-226. Abstract: Posttraumatic growth (PTG)—positive changes experienced as a result of psychological struggle with highly challenging life circumstances—generally correlates with greater religiosity and optimism, and often shows gender and cross-national differences...
Your Morals Depend on Language
Costa A, Foucart A, Hayakawa S, Aparici M, Apesteguia J, et al. (2014) Your Morals Depend on Language. PLoS ONE 9(4): e94842. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094842 Abstract: Should you sacrifice one man to save five? Whatever your answer, it should not depend on whether you were asked the question in your native language or a foreign tongue so long as you understood the problem. And yet here we report evidence that...
Individual and Societal Wisdom: Explaining the Paradox of Human Aging and High Well-Being
Jeste, D.V. & Oswald, A.J. (2014). Individual and Societal Wisdom: Explaining the Paradox of Human Aging and High Well-Being.Psychiatry. 2014 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract: Objective: Although human aging is characterized by loss of fertility and progressive decline in physical abilities, later life is associated with better psychological health and well-being. Furthermore, there has been an unprecedented increase...
Damage to Insula Abolishes Cognitive Distortions during Simulated Gambling
Clark, L., Studer, B., Bruss, J., Tranel, D., & Bechara, A. (2014). Damage to insula abolishes cognitive distortions during simulated gambling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(16):6098-103. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1322295111. Abstract: Gambling is a naturalistic example of risky decision-making. During gambling, players typically display an array of cognitive biases that create a distorted expectancy of winning. This study investigated brain regions underpinning gambling-related...
Religious Involvement, Practical Wisdom, and Self-Rated Health
Krause, N. & Hayward, R.D. (2014). Religious Involvement, Practical Wisdom, and Self-Rated Health. J Aging Health March 11, 2014 0898264314524437. Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study is to see if the social life in religious institutions is associated with practical wisdom and if practical wisdom is, in turn, associated with better health. Method: Interviews were conducted with a nationwide...
Stories that Count: Influence of News Narratives on Issue Attitudes
Shen, F., Ahern, L. & Baker, M. (2014). Stories that Count: Influence of News Narratives on Issue Attitudes. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly March 2014 vol. 91 no. 1 98-117. Abstract: This paper examines the impact of using narratives to frame a political issue on individuals’ attitudes. In an experiment, we asked participants to read either narrative or informational news articles that emphasized the potential economic benefits...
The older, the wiser? Profiles of string instrument teachers with different experience according to their conceptions of teaching, learning, and evaluation
López-Íñiguez, G., Pozo, J.I., & de Dios, M.J. (2014). The older, the wiser? Profiles of string instrument teachers with different experience according to their conceptions of teaching, learning, and evaluation. Psychology of Music March 2014 vol. 42 no. 2 157-176. Abstract: Recent research on music teaching and the curricula proposed in different countries increasingly insists on moving towards teaching centered on managing students’ mental processes according to the constructivist approach. However, studies on...
The Good, the Bad, and the Just: Justice Sensitivity Predicts Neural Response during Moral Evaluation of Actions Performed by Others
Yoder, K. J., & Decety, J. (2014). The good, the bad, and the just: Justice sensitivity predicts neural response during moral evaluation of actions performed by others. The Journal of Neuroscience, 34(12), 4161-4166. Abstract: Morality is a fundamental component of human cultures and has been defined as prescriptive norms regarding how people should treat one another, including concepts such as justice, fairness, and rights. Using fMRI, the current study examined...
Debiasing the Mind Through Meditation: Mindfulness and the Sunk-Cost Bias
Hafenbrack, A.C., Kinias, Z., Barsade, S.G. (2014). Debiasing the Mind Through Meditation: Mindfulness and the Sunk-Cost Bias. Psychological Science February 2014 vol. 25 no. 2 369-376. Abstract: In the research reported here, we investigated the debiasing effect of mindfulness meditation on the sunk-cost bias. We conducted four studies (one correlational and three experimental); the results suggest that increased mindfulness reduces...
What Promotes Wisdom in 12-Step Recovery?
DiGangi, J.A., et al. (2014). What Promotes Wisdom in 12-Step Recovery?Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014 Abstract: Research investigations on 12-step groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) have addressed a number of resources associated with 12-step recovery. However, little is known about the role of wisdom and whether aspects...
The New Science of Wise Psychological Interventions
Walton, G.M. (2014). The New Science of Wise Psychological Interventions. Current Directions in Psychological Science February 2014 vol. 23 no. 1 73-82. Abstract: Citizens complete a survey the day before a major election; a change in the survey items’ grammatical structure increases turnout by 11 percentage points. People answer a single question; their romantic relationships improve over several weeks...
Strengthening practical wisdom : Mental health workers’ learning and development
Kristin Ådnøy Eriksen, Hellen Dahl, Bengt Karlsson, and Maria Arman. (2014). Strengthening practical wisdom : Mental health workers’ learning and development. Nurs Ethics February 4, 2014 0969733013518446 Abstract: Background : Practical wisdom, understood as knowing how to be or act in any present situation with clients, is believed to be an essential part of the knowledge needed to be a professional mental health worker. Exploring processes of adapting...
Vicarious Resilience: A Multilayered Model of Stress and Trauma
Pack, M. (2014). Vicarious Resilience: A Multilayered Model of Stress and Trauma. Affilia, 29 (1):18-29. Abstract: The original framework used by McCann and Pearlman, 1990 was reviewed for relevance by 22 counsellors registered as trauma therapists in New Zealand. As predicted by the vicarious traumatization theory, the counsellors who were interviewed were...
Far-Out Thinking: Generating Solutions to Distant Analogies Promotes Relational Thinking
Vendetti, M.S., Wu, A. & Holyoak, K.J. (2014). Far-Out Thinking: Generating Solutions to Distant Analogies Promotes Relational Thinking. Psychological Science January 24, 2014 0956797613518079 Abstract: Is it possible to induce a mind-set that will affect relational thinking in a subsequent reasoning task involving unrelated materials? We investigated whether evaluating the validity of verbal analogies (Experiment 1a) or generating solutions...
The Voice of Wisdom: New Insights on Social Impressions of Aging Voices
Montepare, J.M., Kempler, D., & McLaughlin-Volpe, T. (2014). The Voice of Wisdom: New Insights on Social Impressions of Aging Voices. Journal of Language and Social Psychology January 8, 2014 0261927X13519080. Abstract: To understand better how age-related physical qualities affect age stereotyping, this research investigated the social judgments young adult listeners make when they hear the voices of younger, middle-aged, and older adult speakers. Ninety-six...
Examining workplace mindfulness and its relations to job performance and turnover intention
Dane, E. & Brummel, B.J. (2014). Examining workplace mindfulness and its relations to job performance and turnover intention. Human Relations January 2014 vol. 67 no. 1 105-128. Abstract: In recent years, research on mindfulness has burgeoned across several lines of scholarship. Nevertheless, very little empirical research has investigated mindfulness from a workplace perspective. In the study reported here, we address this oversight...
“Gratitude Is With Me All the Time”: How Gratitude Relates to Wisdom
König, S. & Glück, J. (2013). “Gratitude Is With Me All the Time”: How Gratitude Relates to Wisdom. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbt123 First published online: December 10, 2013. Abstract: Objectives. This study investigated the relationship of gratitude to wisdom. Both constructs are conceptually related to self-reflectivity, but they differ in their emphasis on extrapersonal resources. Previous wisdom research has focused mainly...
Meditation Research, Past, Present, and Future: Perspectives from the Nalanda contemplative science tradition
Loizzo, J. (2014), Meditation research, past, present, and future: perspectives from the Nalanda contemplative science tradition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307: 43–54. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12273 Abstract: This article offers an overview of meditation research: its history, recent developments, and future directions. As the number and scope of studies grow, the field has converged with cognitive and affective neuroscience, and spawned many clinical...
Developmental Reversals in Risky Decision Making: Intelligence Agents Show Larger Decision Biases Than College Students
Reyna, V. et al. (2014). Developmental Reversals in Risky Decision Making: Intelligence Agents Show Larger Decision Biases Than College Students. Psychological Science January 2014 vol. 25 no. 1 76-84. Abstract: Intelligence agents make risky decisions routinely, with serious consequences for national security. Although common sense and most theories imply that experienced intelligence professionals should be less prone to irrational inconsistencies...
Mindfulness-Based Relationship Education For Couples Expecting Their First Child—Part 1: A Randomized Mixed-Methods Program Evaluation
Gambrel L.E. & Piercy F.P. (2014). Mindfulness-based relationship education for couples expecting their first child—part 1: A randomized mixed-methods program evaluation. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, doi: 10.1111/jmft.12066 Abstract: This article is Part 1 of a two-part series, in which we report on our evaluation of a mindfulness-based relationship enhancement program for couples who are expecting their first child. In this mixed-methods randomized clinical trial, we assigned...
Mindfulness-Based Relationship Education for Couples Expecting their First Child—Part 2: Phenomenological Findings
Gambrel, L.E. & Piercy, F.P. (2014). Mindfulness-Based Relationship Education for Couples Expecting their First Child—Part 2: Phenomenological Findings. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, doi: 10.1111/jmft.12065 Abstract: This phenomenological study is the second phase of a larger mixed methods study of a relationship-enhancement program for couples expecting their first child (see Gambrel & Piercy, this issue). The 4-week Mindful Transition to Parenthood...
Sonia Sotomayor: Role Model of Empathy and Purposeful Ambition
Lee, Rebecca K., Sonia Sotomayor: Role Model of Empathy and Purposeful Ambition (December 6, 2013). Minnesota Law Review Headnotes, Vol. 98, p. 73, 2013; Thomas Jefferson School of Law Research Paper No. 2460601. Abstract: This book review essay discusses U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor's 2013 memoir, My Beloved World . In her memoir, Justice Sotomayor expressly acknowledges that she is a public role model and embraces this responsibility by making...
Frederick Law Olmsted, Green Infrastructure, and the Evolving City
Eisenman, T. S. (2013). Frederick Law Olmsted, Green Infrastructure, and the Evolving City. Journal of Planning History November 2013 vol. 12 no. 4 287-311 Abstract: Over the past decade, green infrastructure has emerged as a subject of significant interest in city and regional planning; yet, this discussion is not entirely new. Significant elements can be traced to the work of Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr...
How is Creativity Best Managed? Some Empirical and Theoretical Guidelines
Epstein, R., Kaminaka, K., Phan, V., & Uda, R. (2013). How is Creativity Best Managed? Some Empirical and Theoretical Guidelines.Creativity and Innovation Management. Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 359–374. Abstract: In an Internet-based study with an ethnically-diverse sample of 1,337 managers from 19 countries (mainly the US and Canada), eight managerial competencies that elicit creativity in subordinates were ranked according to how well they predicted...
Developing Creativity, Motivation, and Self-actualization with Learning Systems
Burleson, W. (2005). Developing creativity, motivation, and self-actualization with learning systems. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies Volume 63, Issues 4–5, October 2005, Pages 436–451. Abstract: Developing learning experiences that facilitate self-actualization and creativity is among the most important goals of our society in preparation for the future. To facilitate deep understanding of a new concept, to facilitate learning, learners...
Defining and Assessing Wisdom: A Review of the Literature
Bangen KJ, Meeks TW, & Jeste DV. (2013). Defining and Assessing Wisdom: A Review of the Literature. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2012.11.020 Abstract: With increasing longevity and a growing focus on successful aging, there has been a recent growth of research designed to operationalize and assess wisdom. We aimed to (1) investigate the degree of overlap among empirical definitions of wisdom...
Encouraging Servant Leadership
Parris, D.L. & Peachey, J.W. (2013). Encouraging servant leadership: A qualitative study of how a cause-related sporting event inspires participants to serve. Leadership November 2013 vol. 9 no. 4 486-512. Abstract: A longitudinal, qualitative case study was conducted to explore if a cause-related sporting event could inspire participants to serve others and how the event achieved this. Servant leadership theory, social leverage theory, and social capital...
Predicting Final Course Performance From Students’ Written Self-Introductions A LIWC Analysis
Robinson, R.L., Navea, R., & Ickes, W. (2013). Predicting Final Course Performance From Students’ Written Self-Introductions A LIWC Analysis. Journal of Language and Social Psychology December 2013 vol. 32 no. 4 469-479. Abstract: Using a sample of 363 participants, we tested whether differences in the use of linguistic categories in written self-introductions at the start of the semester predicted final course performance at the end of the semester. The results supported...
Music and Emotion — A Composer's Perspective
Douek, J. (2013). Music and emotion—a composer's perspective. Front Syst Neurosci. 2013; 7: 82. Abstract: This article takes an experiential and anecdotal look at the daily lives and work of film composers as creators of music. It endeavors to work backwards from what practitioners of the art and craft of music do instinctively or unconsciously...
Getting into the Musical Zone: Trait Emotional Intelligence and Amount of Practice Predict Flow in Pianists
Marin, M.M. & Bhattacharya, J. (2013). Getting into the musical zone: trait emotional intelligence and amount of practice predict flow in pianists. Front. Psychol., 22 November 2013 | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00853 Abstract: Being “in flow” or “in the zone” is defined as an extremely focused state of consciousness which occurs during intense engagement in an activity. In general, flow has been linked to peak performances (high achievement) and feelings of intense...
Wisdom and Good Lives: A Process Perspective
Shih-ying Yang. (in press). Wisdom and good lives: A process perspective. New Ideas in Psychology Volume 31, Issue 3, December 2013, Pages 194–201. Abstract: Wisdom and good lives are related. On one hand, judgments about whether wisdom has been manifested are often based on conceptions of what is a good life. On the other hand, wisdom, as manifested by human endeavors throughout history which contributed...
Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial
Leonard NR, Jha AP, Casarjian B, Goolsarran M, Garcia C, Cleland CM, Gwadz MV and Massey Z (2013) Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial. Front. Psychol. 4:792. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00792 Abstract: We investigated the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness training (CBT/MT) on attentional task performance in incarcerated adolescents. Attention is a cognitive system necessary for managing cognitive demands and regulating...
Mapping Emotional Competencies of Mahatma Gandhi: A Biographical Analysis Approach
Bansal, I. & Hingorani, P. (2013). Mapping Emotional Competencies of Mahatma Gandhi: A Biographical Analysis Approach. Journal of Human Values October 2013 vol. 19 no. 2 133-145. Abstract: The aim of this article is to map the emotional competencies of Mahatma1 Gandhi through biographical analysis of his life which is divided into seven phases, as this will give the real insight that how he managed his emotions in different phases...
The ‘Dharma’ and ‘Karma’ of CSR from the Bhagavad-Gita
Muniapan, B. & Satpathy, B. (2013). The ‘Dharma’ and ‘Karma’ of CSR from the Bhagavad-Gita. Journal of Human Values October 2013 vol. 19 no. 2 173-187. Abstract: In recent years, numerous researches have been conducted on CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) from various perspectives. From a survey of CSR literatures from spiritual and religious perspectives, there are some studies based on the Quran...
Sustainability: Ethics and the Future
Sinha, A. (213). Sustainability: Ethics and the Future. Journal of Human Values October 2013 vol. 19 no. 2 113-126. Abstract: Sustainable development is essentially about taking a view of future generations of people inhabiting the world. It is also about defining actions in the present time of achieving the desired goal of bequeathing a livable world for the future...
Helping the Helpers Mindfulness Training for Burnout in Pediatric Oncology—A Pilot Program
Moody, K. et al. (2013). Helping the Helpers Mindfulness Training for Burnout in Pediatric Oncology—A Pilot Program. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing September/October 2013 vol. 30 no. 5 275-284. Abstract: Background. Burnout, a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished feelings of accomplishment, is common among pediatric oncology staff. This study explores a mindfulness-based course (MBC) to decrease burnout in a multidisciplinary...
A Multicenter Study of Physician Mindfulness and Health Care Quality
Beach, M.C. et al. (2013). A Multicenter Study of Physician Mindfulness and Health Care Quality. Ann Fam Med September/October 2013 vol. 11 no. 5 421-428. Abstract: PURPOSE Mindfulness (ie, purposeful and nonjudgmental attentiveness to one’s own experience, thoughts, and feelings) is associated with physician well-being. We sought to assess whether clinician self-rated mindfulness is associated with the...
Abbreviated Mindfulness Intervention for Job Satisfaction, Quality of Life, and Compassion in Primary Care Clinicians: A Pilot Study
Fortney, L. et al. (2013). Abbreviated Mindfulness Intervention for Job Satisfaction, Quality of Life, and Compassion in Primary Care Clinicians: A Pilot Study. Ann Fam Med September/October 2013 vol. 11 no. 5 412-420. Abstract: PURPOSE Burnout, attrition, and low work satisfaction of primary care physicians are growing concerns and can have a negative influence on health care. Interven - tions for clinicians that improve work-life balance are few and poorly understood...
Compensating Cognitive Capabilities, Economic Decisions, and Aging
Li, Ye, Martine Baldassi, Eric J. Johnson, and Elke U. Weber (2013). “Compensating Cognitive Capabilities, Economic Decisions, and Aging.” Psychology & Aging, 28(3), 595-613. DOI 10.1037/a0034172 Abstract: Fluid intelligence decreases with age, yet evidence about age declines in decision-making quality is mixed: Depending on the study, older adults make worse, equally good, or even better decisions than younger adults. We propose a potential explanation...
Encouraging Servant Leadership: A qualitative study of how a cause-related sporting event inspires participants to serve
Parris, D.L. & Peachy, J.W. (2013). Leadership. November 2013 vol. 9 no. 4 486-512. Abstract: A longitudinal, qualitative case study was conducted to explore if a cause-related sporting event could inspire participants to serve others and how the event achieved this. Servant leadership theory, social leverage theory, and social capital...
Wisdom Leadership in Academic Health Science Centers: Leading Positive Change
Plews-Ogan, M. & Beyt, G. (2013). Wisdom Leadership in Academic Health Science Centers: Leading Positive Change. London, UK: Radcliffe Publishing. In the middle of the national debate and political conflict around healthcare, we have been thinking a lot about wisdom and leadership. Wisdom seems to be important in healthcare leadership development, patient-centered teamwork, and improving the health...
Warrior for Climate Science and Awareness: Stephen Schneider
Sarah Jo Chadwick, Carrie Armel, Terry Root and David Crookall. (2013). Warrior for Climate Science and Awareness: Stephen Schneider. Simulation Gaming 2013 44: 189 originally published online 14 July 2013. Abstract: This tribute outlines some of the major contributions that Stephen H. Schneider made to climate change science and to communication about that science to help a broader audience understand it in an educated manner, and realize that urgent decisions...
Positive Wisdom for Climate Change Awareness: John Crookall-Greening
Christopher Crookall-Fallon. (2013). Positive Wisdom for Climate Change Awareness: John Crookall-Greening. Simulation Gaming 2013 44: 186 originally published online 11 June 2013. Abstract: This tribute outlines some of the contributions that John Crookall-Greening made to society—fighting nuclear arms and helping local communities become more climate change resilient. It also outlines some of John’s endearing traits, which together...
There Are Many Ways to See the Forest for the Trees: A Tour Guide for Abstraction
Burgoon, E.M., Henderson, M.D., & Markman, A.B. (2013). There Are Many Ways to See the Forest for the Trees: A Tour Guide for Abstraction. Perspectives on Psychological Science September 2013 vol. 8 no. 5 501-520. Abstract: Abstraction is a useful process for broadening mental horizons, integrating new experiences, and communicating information to others. Much attention has been directed at identifying the causes and consequences of abstraction across the subdisciplines...
Mindfulness for Teachers: A Pilot Study to Assess Effects on Stress, Burnout, and Teaching Efficacy
Flook, L., Goldberg, S. B., Pinger, L., Bonus, K. and Davidson, R. J. (2013), Mindfulness for Teachers: A Pilot Study to Assess Effects on Stress, Burnout, and Teaching Efficacy. Mind, Brain, and Education, 7: 182–195. doi: 10.1111/mbe.12026 Abstract: Despite the crucial role of teachers in fostering children's academic learning and social–emotional well-being, addressing teacher stress in the classroom remains a significant challenge in education. This study reports results from a randomized...
Meditation, Mindfulness and Executive Control: The Importance of Emotional Acceptance and Brain-based Performance Monitoring
Teper, R. & Inzlicht, M. (2013). Meditation, mindfulness and executive control: the importance of emotional acceptance and brain-based performance monitoring. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) 8 (1): 85-92. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss045 Abstract: Previous studies have documented the positive effects of mindfulness meditation on executive control. What has been lacking, however, is an understanding of the mechanism underlying this effect. Some theorists have described mindfulness as embodying...
Special Issue on Mindfulness Neuroscience
Tang, Y-Y., & Posner, M.I. (2013). Special issue on mindfulness neuroscience. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) 8 (1): 1-3. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss104. Excerpt: Mindfulness neuroscience is a new, interdisciplinary field of mindfulness practice and neuroscientific research; it applies neuroimaging techniques, physiological measures and behavioral tests to explore the underlying mechanisms of different...
A Route to Well-being: Intelligence vs. Wise Reasoning
Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M.E.W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2013). A Route to Well-being: Intelligence vs. Wise Reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142 (3): 944–953. Abstract: Laypeople and many social scientists assume that superior reasoning abilities lead to greater well-being. However, previous research has been inconclusive. This may be because prior investigators used operationalizations of reasoning that favored...
Embodied Inter-practices of Leadership – Phenomenological Perspectives on Relational and Responsive Leading and Following
Küpers, W. (2013). Embodied inter-practices of leadership – Phenomenological perspectives on relational and responsive leading and following. Leadership August 2013 vol. 9 no. 3 335-357. Abstract: This paper offers phenomenological perspectives on leadership as an embodied material and relational practice. Based on Merleau-Ponty’s understanding of embodiment and practice, leadership is interpreted as an emergent process of the inter-practice...
Tapping Mindfulness to Shape Hotel Guests’ Sustainable Behavior
Barber, N.A., & Deale, C. (2013). Tapping Mindfulness to Shape Hotel Guests’ Sustainable Behavior. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly August 5, 2013 1938965513496315 Abstract: The characteristic of mindfulness is ascribed to people who have a relatively greater awareness of their surroundings and of other people. This study finds that assessing guests’ mindfulness helps hoteliers make those guests aware of and responsive...
Teaching Mindfulness in Medical School: Where are we now and where are we going?
Dobkin, P.L. & Hutchinson, T.A. (2013). Teaching mindfulness in medical school: Where are we now and where are we going? Medical Education 2013: 47: 768–779 doi:10.1111/medu.12200. Abstract: Objectives Mindfulness has the potential to prevent compassion fatigue and burnout in that the doctor who is self-aware is more likely to engage in self-care activities and to manage stress better. Moreover, well doctors are better equipped...
Decisions With Uncertainty: The Glass Half Full
Joslyn, S. & LeClerc, J. (2013). Decisions With Uncertainty: The Glass Half Full. Current Directions in Psychological Science August 2013 vol. 22 no. 4 308-315. Abstract: Each of us makes important decisions involving uncertainty in domains in which we are not experts, such as retirement planning, medical treatment, and precautions against severe weather. Often, reliable information about uncertainty is available...
Aristotle's Virtue or Dante's Deadliest Sin? The Influence of Authentic and Hubristic Pride on Creative Achievement
Damian, R.I. & Robins, R.W. (2013). Aristotle's virtue or Dante's deadliest sin? The influence of authentic and hubristic pride on creative achievement. Learning and Individual Differences Volume 26, August 2013, Pages 156–160. Abstract: This study (N = 589) investigated the link between the disposition to experience pride and real-world creative achievement, as well as the mediating role of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Furthermore, we disentangled the effects of two...
Green by Default
Sunstein, C. R. and Reisch, L. A. (2013), Green by Default. Kyklos, 66: 398–402. doi: 10.1111/kykl.12028 Excerpt: Suppose that in a relevant community, there are two sources of energy, denominated “green” and “gray.” Suppose that consistent with its name, “green” is better than gray on environmental grounds. Those who use green energy emit lower levels of...
QnAs with Daniel Kahneman
Nair, P. (2013). QnAs with Daniel Kahneman. PNAS. August 20, 2013 vol. 110 no. 34 13696 . Abstract: The science of human decision-making has long been a stronghold of psychologists. Among the voices that abound in the literature on how people make choices, one scholarly voice has remained strident through several decades. By studying human...
Cultural Humility: Measuring Openness to Culturally Diverse Clients
Hook, J. et al. (2013). Cultural humility: Measuring openness to culturally diverse clients. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol 60(3), Jul 2013, 353-366. doi: 10.1037/a0032595 Abstract: Building on recent theory stressing multicultural orientation, as well as the development of virtues and dispositions associated with multicultural values, we introduce the construct of cultural humility, defined as having an interpersonal stance...
Personal Transformation: Posttraumatic Growth and Gerotranscendence
Weiss, T. (2013). Personal Transformation: Posttraumatic Growth and Gerotranscendence. Journal of Humanistic Psychology July 2, 2013 0022167813492388 Abstract: This article connects two rich but distinct literatures on personal transformation and well-being that can benefit from cross-fertilization. It explores the intersection of posttraumatic growth (PTG), a model of positive changes following traumatic...
The cognitive underpinnings of adaptive team performance in ill-defined task situations: A closer look at team cognition
Zajac, S. et al. (2013). The cognitive underpinnings of adaptive team performance in ill-defined task situations: A closer look at team cognition. Organizational Psychology Review July 5, 2013 2041386613492787 Abstract: As the nature of work changes due to technology, organizational restructuring, and globalization, complex tasks have emerged that necessitate the use of teams. Oftentimes, teams complete tasks that have more than one plausible solution or engage...
Moralizing biology: The appeal and limits of the new compassionate view of nature
Meloni, M. (2013). Moralizing biology The appeal and limits of the new compassionate view of nature. History of the Human Sciences July 2013 vol. 26 no. 3 82-106 Abstract: In recent years, a proliferation of books about empathy, cooperation and pro-social behaviours (Brooks, 2011a) has significantly influenced the discourse of the life-sciences and reversed consolidated views of nature as a place only for competition...
Wisdom, Uncertainty, and Ambiguity: A Study of Management Decisions as Based on Theories and Validated by Research Methods
Degen, R. J. (2013). Wisdom, Uncertainty, and Ambiguity: A Study of Management Decisions as Based on Theories and Validated by Research Methods. IDEAS. Working paper, RePEc:pil:wpaper:94, July 17, 2013. Abstract: Wisdom, uncertainty, and ambiguity will always exist in management decisions. One danger for firms lies in managers making decisions that are based on faulty theories acquired through personal experience or learned from experience of others...
Emotion Regulation and Its Implications for Leadership An Integrative Review and Future Research Agenda
Haver, A., Akerjordet, K. & Furunes, T. (2013). Emotion Regulation and Its Implications for Leadership An Integrative Review and Future Research Agenda. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies August 2013 vol. 20 no. 3 287-303. Abstract: This integrative review synthesizes research on emotion regulation and its implications for leadership, from both leaders’ and followers’ perspectives. Regulating one’s emotions is considered an area of key competence associated with effective...
How to Measure Wisdom: Content, Reliability, and Validity of Five Measures
Glück J, König S, Naschenweng K, Redzanowski U, Dorner L, Straßer I and Wiedermann W (2013) How to measure wisdom: content, reliability, and validity of five measures. Front. Psychol. 4:405. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00405 Abstract: Wisdom is a field of growing interest both inside and outside academic psychology, and researchers are increasingly interested in using measures of wisdom in their work. However, wisdom is a highly complex construct, and its various operationalizations...
Ethics Education of Business Leaders: Emotional Intelligence, Virtues, and Contemplative Learning
Culham, T.E. (2013). Ethics Education of Business Leaders: Emotional Intelligence, Virtues, and Contemplative Learning. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. Events on Wall Street and Main Street reveal that some business leaders make dramatically unethical self-serving decisions that ignore the public interest. How can business schools educate future business leaders to make ethical decisions? Unfortunately...
A Handbook of Practical Wisdom Leadership, Organization and Integral Business Practice
Küpers, W. and Pauleen, D. (August 2013). A Handbook of Practical Wisdom Leadership, Organization and Integral Business Practice. United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Edited by Wendelin Küpers and David Pauleen, both at the School of Management, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand Throughout history, wisdom has been exalted in many cultures as a resource and has become increasingly important for dealing with the...
Book Review: Great by Choice: Uncertainty, Chaos, and Luck—Why Some Thrive Despite Them All
Udupa, Shrihari. (2013). Book Review: Great by Choice: Uncertainty, Chaos, and Luck—Why Some Thrive Despite Them All. Global Business Review June 2013 vol. 14 no. 2 364-371. Book Review by Shrihari Udupa: Jim Collins and Morten T. Hansen, Great by Choice: Uncertainty, Chaos, and Luck—Why Some Thrive Despite Them All . London, UK: Random House Business Books, 2011, 320 pp. ₹ 799 [Hardback] (ISBN: 978 1 847 94088 9) Excerpt...
A Cross-comparative International Study on the Concept of Wisdom
Sanchez-Escobedo et al. (2013). A cross-comparative international study on the concept of wisdom. Gifted Education International June 14, 2013 0261429413486575 The article aims to depict the most common ideas regarding wisdom from young people across different countries: Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Republic of Korea and the United States. A questionnaire was administered to nearly 800 adolescents from these countries...
Wisdom and Ego-Identity for Korean and American Late Adolescents
Bang, H & Montgomery, D. (2013). Wisdom and Ego-Identity for Korean and American Late Adolescents. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology July 2013 vol. 44 no. 5 807-831. Abstract: Overcoming identity crises during adolescence may help adolescents understand the world around them. Although adolescents may have developmental potential for wisdom, little is known about the direct relationship between wisdom and ego-identity...
Intuitive Expertise: Theories and Empirical Evidence
Harteisa, C. & Billettb, S. (2013). Intuitive expertise: Theories and empirical evidence. Educational Research Review. Volume 9, June 2013, Pages 145–157. Abstract: Intuition has been long seen as an element of effective human performance in demanding tasks (i.e. expertise). But its form, constitutive elements and development remain subject to diverse explanations. This paper discusses these elements and...
Rediscovering Internal Strengths of the Aged: The Beneficial Impact of Wisdom, Mastery, Purpose in Life, and Spirituality on Aging Well
Ardelt, M., Landes, S.D., Gerlach, K.R., & Polkowski Fox, L. (2013). Rediscovering internal strengths of the aged: The beneficial impact of wisdom, mastery, purpose in life, and spirituality on aging well. In J.D. Sinnott (Ed.), Positive Psychology (pp.97-119). New York, NY: Springer. Abstract: What explains aging and dying well? Previous research primarily examined the effects of objective life conditions (e.g., physical health, finances, socioeconomic status, age, social relationships) on older adults’ subjective well-being, whereas...
Brain mechanisms of valuable scientific problem finding inspired by heuristic knowledge
Dandan, T., Wenfu, L., Tianen, D., Nusbaum, H.C., Jiang, Q., & Qinglin. Z. (2013). Brain mechanisms of valuable scientific problem finding inspired by heuristic knowledge. Experimental Brain Research 228:4, 437-443. Abstract: Heuristics through the application of heuristic knowledge to the creation of imitation devices may be one of the most common processes in scientific innovation. In particular, heuristics suggests that innovation includes the automatic activation...
Emotion in Organizations: Resources for Business Educators
Bowen, J.L. (2013). Emotion in Organizations: Resources for Business Educators. Journal of Management Education February 2014 vol. 38 no. 1 114-142. Published online before print May 20, 2013, doi: 10.1177/1052562913488110 Abstract: The study of emotion in organizations has advanced considerably in recent years. Several aspects of this research area make calls for its translation into business curricula particularly compelling. First, potential benefits to students are...
The Leap Year Project: Learning to Risk & Risking to Learn
Saad, V. (2013). The Leap Year Project: Learning to Risk & Risking to Learn. This adventure started with a single deep-seated desire to make a difference. It was this desire that hooked Victor Saad on pursuing a business degree around social enterprise. Yet as he researched MBA options, he wondered if business school was the most...
Yoga Wisdom at Work: Finding Sanity Off the Mat and On the Job
Showkeir, M. & Showkeir, J. (2013). Yoga Wisdom at Work: Finding Sanity Off the Mat and On the Job. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Book Description Publication Date: May 6, 2013 Yoga’s Ancient Wisdom Can Transform Your Work Life Everyone knows that yoga helps reduce stress and increase the body’s flexibility and strength. But the physical aspects barely scratch the surface of yoga...
Compassion Training Alters Altruism and Neural Responses to Suffering
Weng, H.Y. et al. (2013). Compassion Training Alters Altruism and Neural Responses to Suffering. Psychological Science May 21, 2013 0956797612469537 Abstract: Compassion is a key motivator of altruistic behavior, but little is known about individuals’ capacity to cultivate compassion through training. We examined whether compassion may be systematically trained by testing whether (a) short-term compassion...
A Review of School Climate Research
Thapa, A., Cohen, J., Guffey, S., & Higgins-D'Alessandro, A. (2013). A Review of School Climate Research. REVIEW OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH April 19, 2013 0034654313483907 Abstract: For more than a century, there has been a growing interest in school climate. Recently, the U.S. Department of Education, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Institute for Educational Sciences, a growing number of State Departments of...
Book Review: Composing a Further Life: The Age of Active Wisdom by Mary Catherine Bateson
By Joseph S. Maresca, blogcritics.org April 28, 2013 Composing a Further Life: The Age of Active Wisdom by Mary Catherine Bateson is an excellent book about options for people in their second adulthood. The second adulthood is the period after a lifetime career, raising children and paying...
Book Review: Pragmatic Strategy: Eastern Wisdom, Global Success
Stacey, R. (2013). Book Review: Pragmatic Strategy: Eastern Wisdom, Global Success. Organization Studies April 2013 vol. 34 no. 4 559-561 Excerpt:In the first part of this review I want to select what seem to me to be the key points that Nonaka and Zhu make in this book about strategy, and I will try to convey the essence of each of these key points in quotes taken from the book. In the...
Empathy in Clinical Practice: How Individual Dispositions, Gender, and Experience Moderate Empathic Concern, Burnout, and Emotional Distress in Physicians
Gleichgerrcht, E. & Decety, J. (2013). Empathy in Clinical Practice: How Individual Dispositions, Gender, and Experience Moderate Empathic Concern, Burnout, and Emotional Distress in Physicians. PLoS ONE 8(4): e61526. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061526 Abstract: To better understand clinical empathy and what factors can undermine its experience and outcome in care-giving settings, a large-scale study was conducted with 7,584 board certified practicing physicians. Online validated instruments assessing...
Through the Eyes of the Other Using Event Analysis to Build Cultural Competence
Kozub, M.L. (2013). Through the Eyes of the Other Using Event Analysis to Build Cultural Competence. J Transcult Nurs April 1, 2013 1043659613481809 Abstract: Cultural competence requires more than the accumulation of information about cultural groups. An awareness of the nurse’s own culture, beliefs, and values is considered by several transcultural nursing theorists to be essential to the development...
Need Satisfaction and Well-Being: Testing Self-Determination Theory in Eight Cultures
A. Timothy Church, Marcia S. Katigbak, Kenneth D. Locke, Hengsheng Zhang, Jiliang Shen, José de Jesús Vargas-Flores, Joselina Ibáñez-Reyes, Junko Tanaka-Matsumi, Guy J. Curtis, Helena F. Cabrera, Khairul A. Mastor, Juan M. Alvarez, Fernando A. Ortiz, Jean-Yves R. Simon, and Charles M. ChingNeed Satisfaction and Wel. (2013). l-Being: Testing Self-Determination Theory in Eight Cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2013; 44:507-534. Abstract: According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), satisfaction of needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness is a universal requirement for psychological well-being. We tested this hypothesis with college students in the United States, Australia...
How Supportive of Their Specific Purposes Do Youth Believe Their Family and Friends Are?
Seana Moran, Matthew J. Bundick, Heather Malin, & Timothy S. Reilly. (2013). How Supportive of Their Specific Purposes Do Youth Believe Their Family and Friends Are? Journal of Adolescent Research May 2013 vol. 28 no. 3 348-377. Abstract: Prior studies have found that youth reporting a general sense that “I have a purpose” also describe having social supports that enhance thriving. This study links specific social supports to specific purposes described by youth. We examined...
Neural Correlates of Mindfulness Meditation-related Anxiety Relief
Zeidan, F., Martucci, K.T., Kraft, R.A., McHaffie, J.G., & Coghill, R.C. (2013). Neural correlates of mindfulness meditation-related anxiety relief. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) doi: 10.1093/scan/nst041 Abstract: Anxiety is the cognitive state related to the inability to control emotional responses to perceived threats. Anxiety is inversely related to brain activity associated with the cognitive regulation of emotions. Mindfulness meditation has been...
Mindfulness and Emotion Regulation — An fMRI Study
Lutz, J., Herwig, U., Opialla, S., Hittmeyer, A., Lutz, J., Rufer, M., Holtforth, M.G., & Brühl, A.B. (2013). Mindfulness and emotion regulation—an fMRI study. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) doi: 10.1093/scan/nst043 Abstract: Mindfulness—an attentive non-judgmental focus on present experiences—is increasingly incorporated in psychotherapeutic treatments as a skill fostering emotion regulation. Neurobiological mechanisms of actively induced emotion regulation are...
Differential Pattern of Functional Brain Plasticity after Compassion and Empathy Training
Klimecki, O.M., Leiberg, S., Matthieu, R., & Singer, T. (2013). Differential pattern of functional brain plasticity after compassion and empathy training. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) doi: 10.1093/scan/nst060 Abstract: Although empathy is crucial for successful social interactions, excessive sharing of others’ negative emotions may be maladaptive and constitute a source of burnout. To investigate functional neural plasticity underlying the augmentation of...
Civic Laughter: Aristotle and the Political Virtue of Humor
Lombardini, J. (2013). Civic Laughter: Aristotle and the Political Virtue of Humor. Political Theory April 2013 vol. 41 no. 2 203-230. Abstract: While the loss of the second book of the Poetics has deprived us of Aristotle’s most extensive account of laughter and comedy, his discussion of eutrapelia (wittiness) as a virtue in his ethical works and in the Rhetoric points toward the importance...
On Counter-stereotypes and Creative Cognition: When Interventions for Reducing Prejudice can Boost Divergent Thinking
On counter-stereotypes and creative cognition: When interventions for reducing prejudice can boost divergent thinking Abstract: School-based psychological interventions which require students and pupils to think of counter-stereotypic individuals (e.g., a female mechanic, a Black President) have been shown to reduce stereotyping and prejudice. But while these interventions...
The Role of Affect in the Neurodevelopment of Morality
Decety, J. and Howard, L. H. (2013), The Role of Affect in the Neurodevelopment of Morality. Child Development Perspectives, 7: 49–54. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12020 Abstract: Human social existence is characterized by an intuitive sense of fairness, concern for others, and the observance of cultural norms. This prosocial sensitivity is the foundation for adult morality, emanating from the sophisticated integration...
From Smart to Wise: Acting and Leading with Wisdom
Kaipa, P. & Radjou, N. (2013). From Smart to Wise: Acting and Leading with Wisdom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Book Description: A fresh and timely approach to nurturing wise, resilient, and flexible leadership in a world of growing complexity Leaders tend to obstinately stick to the leadership style that brought them most success in the past, usually one of two...
Neural Correlates of the ‘Good Life’
Lewis, G.J., Kanai, R., Rees, G., & Bates, T.C. (2013). Neural correlates of the ‘good life’: eudaimonic well-being is associated with insular cortex volume. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) doi: 10.1093/scan/nst032 Abstract: Eudaimonic well-being reflects traits concerned with personal growth, self-acceptance, purpose in life and autonomy (among others) and is a substantial predictor of life events, including health. Although interest in the aetiology of eudaimonic...
Mindful Authoring Through Invocation: Leaders’ Constitution of a Spiritual Organization
Boris H. J. M. Brummans, Jennie M. Hwang and Pauline Hope Cheong. (2013). Mindful Authoring Through Invocation: Leaders’ Constitution of a Spiritual Organization. Management Communication Quarterly March 18, 2013 0893318913479176 Abstract: This article examines how those who hold leadership positions in an internationally renowned Taiwanese Buddhist humanitarian organization establish themselves as legitimate authors of their organization by invoking a spiritual leader in their...
Examining the use of message tailoring to promote physical activity among medically underserved adults
Josefa L Martinez, Lindsay R Duncan, Susan E Rivers, Amy E Latimer, and Peter Salovey. (2013). Examining the use of message tailoring to promote physical activity among medically underserved adults. The American Review of Public Administration. April 2013 vol. 18 no. 4 470-476. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine if messages tailored to an individual’s regulatory focus (i.e. their tendency to focus on prevention or promotion) increased exercise intentions and behavior in a medically underserved sample. Adult English...
Mindfulness starts with the body: Somatosensory attention and top-down modulation of cortical alpha rhythms in mindfulness meditation
Kerr, C.E., Sacchet, M.D., Lazar, S.W., Moore, C.I., & Jones S.R. (2013). Mindfulness starts with the body: Somatosensory attention and top-down modulation of cortical alpha rhythms in mindfulness meditation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2013;7:12. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00012. Epub 2013 Feb 13. Abstract: Using a common set of mindfulness exercises, mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) have been shown to reduce distress in chronic pain and decrease risk of depression relapse. These standardized...
Exploring Meaning in Life in the Tel Hai Gifted Children’s Center
Jon Kasler, Sima Goldfarb-Rivlin, Jossef Levi, and Maurice J. Elias. (2013). Exploring Meaning in Life in the Tel Hai Gifted Children’s Center. Gifted Child Today April 2013 vol. 36 no. 2 133-138. Abstract: While high IQ is likely to be an advantage in moral reasoning, it does not guarantee students’ putting those morals into practice. A clearly defined sense of purpose grounded in values of social responsibility, exploration of values, and the...
Aging, irony, and wisdom: On the narrative psychology of later life
Randall, W.L. (2013). Aging, irony, and wisdom: On the narrative psychology of later life. Theory Psychology March 10, 2013 0959354312470754. Abstract: This paper introduces the idea that aging inclines us naturally toward an ironic stance on life. The conscious cultivation of that stance through some form of narrative reflection is linked to the development of wisdom, where wisdom is understood...
Life Authorship: A Psychological Challenge for Emerging Adulthood, as Illustrated in Two Notable Case Studies
McAdams, D. (2013). Life Authorship: A Psychological Challenge for Emerging Adulthood, as Illustrated in Two Notable Case Studies. Emerging Adulthood published online 26 March 2013 Abstract: A central psychological challenge of emerging adulthood is the construction and internalization of a self-defining life story or narrative identity. In becoming an author for one’s own life, the emerging adult develops a personal narrative that...
Collective Futures: How Projections About the Future of Society Are Related to Actions and Attitudes Supporting Social Change
Bain, P.G., Hornsey, M.J., Bongiorno, R., Kashima, Y., & Crimston, D. (2013). Collective Futures: How Projections About the Future of Society Are Related to Actions and Attitudes Supporting Social Change. Pers Soc Psychol Bull March 1, 2013 0146167213478200. Abstract: We identified the active ingredients in people’s visions of society’s future (“collective futures”) that could drive political behavior in the present. In eight studies (N = 595), people imagined society in 2050 where climate change was mitigated...
Overcoming the Barriers to Self-Knowledge: Mindfulness as a Path to Seeing Yourself as You Really Are
Carlson, E.N. (2013). Overcoming the Barriers to Self-Knowledge: Mindfulness as a Path to Seeing Yourself as You Really Are. Perspectives on Psychological Science March 2013 vol. 8 no. 2 173-186. Abstract: People’s beliefs about their personality, or how they typically think, feel, and behave, correspond somewhat to objective accuracy criteria. Yet recent research has highlighted the fact that there are many blind spots in self-knowledge and that...
Creatively Maladjusted: The Wisdom Education Movement Manifesto
Richards, T. (2013). Creatively Maladjusted: The Wisdom Education Movement Manifesto. Danvers, MA: Hiraeth Press. Education is the subject of much public debate. Politicians and bureaucrats, educators and parents, students and concerned citizens all have an interest—and a stake—in the way we educate our children. But while much is said about the subject, seldom are...
"The Intelligence of Nations": Smart but not Wise—A Comment on Hunt (2012)
Sternberg, R.J. (2013). "The Intelligence of Nations": Smart but not Wise—A Comment on Hunt (2012). Perspectives on Psychological Science, March 2013 vol. 8 no. 2 187-189. Abstract: I argue in this comment that Hunt’s analysis of the intelligence of nations is smarter than it is wise. It is based on too narrow a conception of intelligence. It also conflates correlation and causation with regard to the relation between IQ...
The Future of Emotion Regulation Research - Capturing Context
Aldao, A. (2013). The Future of Emotion Regulation Research - Capturing Context. Perspectives on Psychological Science March 2013 vol. 8 no. 2 155-172. Abstract: Emotion regulation has been conceptualized as a process by which individuals modify their emotional experiences, expressions, and physiology and the situations eliciting such emotions in order to produce appropriate responses to the ever-changing...
Someone to Look Up To: Executive–Follower Ethical Reasoning and Perceptions of Ethical Leadership
Jordan, J., Brown, M.E., Trevino, L.K., & Finkelstein, S. (2013). Someone to Look Up To: Executive–Follower Ethical Reasoning and Perceptions of Ethical Leadership. Journal of Management March 2013 vol. 39 no. 3 660-683. Abstract: Despite a business environment that highlights the importance of executives’ ethical leadership, the individual antecedents of ethical leadership remain largely unknown. In this study, the authors propose that follower perceptions of ethical...
Creative Power of Metaphorical Expression
Sharoff, L. (2013). Creative Power of Metaphorical Expression. Journal of Holist Nursing, 31(1): 6-18. doi: 10.1177/0898010112461948 Abstract: Gathering metaphors of holistic nurses provides for an exploration of how that metaphor is captured in real-life experiences. Metaphors are a way of describing an experience or a perceived notion as a personal expression of thought. The metaphoric...
Power and knowledge: The politics of the knowledge society
Innerarity, D. (2013). Power and knowledge: The politics of the knowledge society. European Journal of Social Theory. 2013; 16:3-16. Abstract: The future of democratic societies is at stake in the manner we articulate the legitimacy of their decisions and the cognitive competence with which those decisions are taken. Nowadays this requirement clashes with the drawback that there is...
What Is Shared in Shared Decision Making? Complex Decisions When the Evidence Is Unclear
Epstein, R.M. & Gramling, R.E. (2013). What Is Shared in Shared Decision Making? Complex Decisions When the Evidence Is Unclear. Medical Care Research and Review. February 2013, vol. 70, no. 1 suppl 94S-112S. Abstract: Patient involvement in decisions is central to patient-centered care. Yet many important decisions must be made in complex, ambiguous clinical situations in which all possible options cannot be known, evidence is inadequate to inform patients...
Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation
Malinowski, P. (2013). Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2013; 7: 8. Published online 2013 February 4. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00008. Abstract: The scientific interest in meditation and mindfulness practice has recently seen an unprecedented surge. After an initial phase of presenting beneficial effects of mindfulness practice in various domains, research is now seeking to unravel the...
Risk Assessment as Rhetorical Practice: The Ironic Mathematics behind Terrorism, Banking, and Public Policy
Danisch, R. (2013). Risk assessment as rhetorical practice: The ironic mathematics behind terrorism, banking, and public policy. Public Understanding of Science February 2013 vol. 22 no. 2 236-251. Abstract: The twin problems of possible terrorist attacks and a global economic recession have been, and continue to be, critical components of contemporary political culture. At the center of both problems is the assessment of future risk. To calculate...
Book Essay on A Case for Irony
Simon, B. (2013). Book Essay on A Case for Irony. J Am Psychoanal Assoc February 2013 vol. 61 no. 1 147-155. Extract: A Case for Irony . By Jonathan Lear . Commentary by Cora Diamond, Christine M. Korsgaard, Richard Moran, Robert A. Paul Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2011. By Bennett Simon For Jonathan Lear, trained in two dialogical fields, philosophy...
Tools of the trade: Theory and method in mindfulness neuroscience
Tang, Y-Y. & Posner, M. I. (2013). Tools of the trade: Theory and method in mindfulness neuroscience. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2013) 8 (1): 118-120. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss112. Abstract: Mindfulness neuroscience is an emerging research field that investigates the underlying mechanisms of different mindfulness practices, different stages and different states of practice as well as different effects of practice over the lifespan...
A Pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program
Neff, K.D. & Germer, C.K. (2013). A Pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program. Journal of Clinical Psychology Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 28–44. Abstract: Objectives: The aim of these two studies was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) program, an 8-week workshop designed to train people to be more self-compassionate. Methods: Study 1 was a pilot study that examined...
The relationship of core belief challenge, rumination, disclosure, and sociocultural elements to posttraumatic growth
Lindstrom, C.M., Cann, A., Calhoun, L.G., & Tedeschi, R.G. (2013). The relationship of core belief challenge, rumination, disclosure, and sociocultural elements to posttraumatic growth. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Vol 5(1), Jan 2013, 50-55. doi: 10.1037/a0022030 Abstract: The relationship of challenge to core beliefs, rumination, disclosure, and some sociocultural elements to posttraumatic growth (PTG) were explored. Participants were college students enrolled in psychology classes who reported having experienced...
Collaborative Wisdom: From Pervasive Logic to Effective Operational Leadership
Park, G. (2013). Collaborative Wisdom: From Pervasive Logic to Effective Operational Leadership. Gower Publishing Company. Book Description: Why do some corporate superstars collapse dramatically, while others survive and prosper over many decades? Is the fall primarily caused by 'technical factors', such as poor products and pricing, financial management or market...
Strategy as Storytelling A Phenomenological Collaboration
Küpers, W., Mantere, S., & Statler, M. (2013). Strategy as Storytelling A Phenomenological Collaboration.Journal of Management Inquiry. January 2013, vol. 22, no. 1, 83-100. Abstract: This article presents a phenomenological inquiry into storytelling practices in corporate strategy-making processes, as experienced by nonsenior stakeholders. The authors utilize the potential of phenomenological methods to provide an enriched...
Are Persons with Profound Intellectual Disabilities Sacramental Icons of Heavenly Life? Aquinas on Impairment
Berkman, J. (2013). Are Persons with Profound Intellectual Disabilities Sacramental Icons of Heavenly Life? Aquinas on Impairment. Studies in Christian Ethics 2013 26: 83. DOI: 10.1177/0953946812466494 Abstract: Although almost completely ignored, Aquinas’s account of persons with severe intellectual disabilities is key to his understanding of human persons and their salvation. Aquinas extensively addresses questions of human impairment, and for Aquinas...
When creativity met transfer Increasing creativity and transfer by controlling the styles of processing
Kaniel, S. (2013). When creativity met transfer Increasing creativity and transfer by controlling the styles of processing. Gifted Education International January 2013 vol. 29 no. 1 13-27. Abstract: The primary purpose of this article is to combine both transfer of learning (hereafter, transfer) and creativity into similar processes that can increase the products of transfer and creativity. Both transfer and creativity operate within reciprocal...
Modularity and the Cultural Mind: Contributions of Cultural Neuroscience to Cognitive Theory
Chiao, J.Y. & Immordino-Yang, M.H. (2013). Modularity and the Cultural Mind: Contributions of Cultural Neuroscience to Cognitive Theory. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2013 January; 8(1): 56–61. doi: 10.1177/1745691612469032 Abstract: A central question in the study of the mind is how cognitive functions are shaped by a complex interplay of genetic and experiential processes. Recent evidence from cultural neuroscience indicates that cultural values, practices, and beliefs...
Hedge Funds and Unconscious Fantasy
Eshraghi, A., & Taffler, R. (2012). Hedge Funds and Unconscious Fantasy. Accounting, Auditing and Accountability, 25(8), 1244-1265. Abstract: We help to explain the rapid growth in aggregate hedge fund assets under management until June 2008 followed by their collapse in terms of the conflicting emotions such investment vehicles evoke. Specifically, we describe how some high-profile...
Wisdom and Mental Health Across the Lifespan
Webster, J.D., Westerhof, G.J., & Bohlmeijer, E.T. (2012). Wisdom and Mental Health Across the Lifespan. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci (2012) doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbs121. Abstract: Objectives. The relationships between wisdom and age and between wisdom and mental health are complex with empirical results often inconsistent. We used a lifespan sample and broad, psychometrically sound measures of wisdom and mental health...
Visual Attention Modulates Insight Versus Analytic Solving of Verbal Problems
Wegbreit, Ezra; Suzuki, Satoru; Grabowecky, Marcia; Kounios, John; and Beeman, Mark (2012) "Visual Attention Modulates Insight Versus Analytic Solving of Verbal Problems," The Journal of Problem Solving: Vol. 4: Iss. 2, Article 6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7771/1932-6246.1127 Abstract: Behavioral and neuroimaging findings indicate that distinct cognitive and neural processes underlie solving problems with sudden insight. Moreover, people with less focused attention sometimes perform better on tests of insight and creative...
The Financial Costs of Sadness
Jennifer S. Lerner, Ye Li and Elke U. Weber. (2012). The Financial Costs of Sadness. 7/0956797612450302 Psychological Science published online 13 November 2012. DOI: 10.1177/0956797612450302 Abstract: We hypothesized a phenomenon that we term myopic misery. According to our hypothesis, sadness increases impatience and creates a myopic focus on obtaining money immediately instead of later. This focus, in turn, increases intertemporal discount...
Gathering the Patient’s Story and Clinical Empathy
Halpern, J. (2012). Gathering the patient’s story and clinical empathy. The Permanente Journal. Winter 2012 - Volume 16 Number 1. Excerpt: While nothing replaces meeting with a patient, reading another physician’s description of interviewing a patient can provide insights into physician-patient interactions that we cannot get when we ourselves are involved. In my view, “A Case of...
The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom: From Contemplative Traditions to Neuroscience
M. Ferrari & N. Weststrate (Eds.). (November 2012). The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom: From Contemplative Traditions to Neuroscience. New York: Springer. Description: Examines the scientific study of personal wisdom Unique in presenting empirical evidence about how wisdom can be studied as a characteristic of persons Explores the nuances in the debate about the scientific study of personal wisdom The rich...
Coaching With Compassion: Inspiring Health, Well-Being, and Development in Organizations
Richard E. Boyatzis, Melvin L. Smith, and 'Alim J. Beveridge. (2012). Coaching With Compassion: Inspiring Health, Well-Being, and Development in Organizations. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science published 1 November 2012, 10.1177/0021886312462236 Abstract: Compassion involves noticing another’s need, empathizing, and acting to enhance their well-being. In response to another’s pain, the motivation is to increase hedonic well-being or the absence of pain. In response to another’s desire to grow...
Military Cognitive Readiness at the Operational and Strategic Levels: A Theoretical Model for Measurement Development
Rebecca A. Grier. (2012). Military Cognitive Readiness at the Operational and Strategic Levels: A Theoretical Model for Measurement Development. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making December 2012 vol. 6 no. 4 358-392. Abstract: Military cognitive readiness is a somewhat new concept that has been defined many ways. In this article, I review these definitions and propose that cognitive readiness is not just one construct, but three inter-related constructs akin to the...
When should I trust my gut? Linking domain expertise to intuitive decision-making effectiveness
Erik Dane, Kevin W. Rockmann, & Michael G. Pratt. (2012). When should I trust my gut? Linking domain expertise to intuitive decision-making effectiveness. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes Volume 119, Issue 2, November 2012, Pages 187–194. Abstract: Despite a growing body of scholarship on the concept of intuition, there is a scarcity of empirical research spotlighting the circumstances in which intuitive decision making is effective relative to analytical decision making. Seeking to address...
A Moment of Transformative Learning Creating a Disorientating Dilemma for a Health Care Student Using Video Feedback
James, D.M., Collins, L.C., & Samoylova, E. A Moment of Transformative Learning Creating a Disorientating Dilemma for a Health Care Student Using Video Feedback. Journal of Transformative Education October 2012 vol. 10 no. 4 236-256. Abstract: This study describes a moment during clinical supervision when a student speech and language therapist reported that she had a moment of illumination that changed her trajectory from failing her clinical placement to passing it. The student...
Revisiting the Multicultural Experience–Creativity Link: The Effects of Perceived Cultural Distance and Comparison Mind-Set
Cheng, C-Y. & Leung, A.K. (2012). Revisiting the Multicultural Experience–Creativity Link: The Effects of Perceived Cultural Distance and Comparison Mind-Set. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 1948550612462413, first published on October 16, 2012. Abstract: A growing literature provides evidence for the multicultural experience–creativity link such that exposure to the juxtaposition of two cultures facilitates individual creativity. The underlying mechanisms for this relationship, however, are...
The Communication of Wisdom: The Nature and Impact of Communication and Language Change Across the Life Span
Nussbaum, Jon F. (2012). The Communication of Wisdom: The Nature and Impact of Communication and Language Change Across the Life Span. Journal of Language and Social Psychology October 23, 2012 0261927X12463009 Abstract: Wisdom has played a central role in the attempt to understand the positive nature of human behavior for more than 4,000 years. Neuroscientists, cognitive psychologists, and life span developmental scholars have joined this discussion in recent...
Storytelling in a digital age: digital storytelling as an emerging narrative method for preserving and promoting indigenous oral wisdom
Wilcox, A.c. et al. (2012). Storytelling in a digital age: digital storytelling as an emerging narrative method for preserving and promoting indigenous oral wisdom. Qualitative Research October 22, 2012 1468794112446105 Abstract: This article outlines the methodological process of a transdisciplinary team of indigenous and nonindigenous individuals, who came together in early 2009 to develop a digital narrative method to engage a remote community in northern Labrador...
Can Consumers Be Wise? Aristotle Speaks to the 21st Century
Mick, D.G. & Schwartz, B. (2012). "Can Consumers Be Wise? Aristotle Speaks to the 21st Century," in Mick et al., editors, Transformative Consumer Research for Personal and Collective Well-Being, Taylor & Francis/Routledge, 663-680. Excerpt: What does it mean to be a wise consumer? We suspect that for most people, wise in this context means shrewd; that is, someone who is not taken in by marketing hype, who negotiates good deals, and who gets what he or she wants. In this chapter...
High Altitude Leadership and the Humanbecoming Leading-Following Model An Executive Director’s Perspective
Damgaard, G. (2012). High Altitude Leadership and the Humanbecoming Leading-Following Model: An Executive Director’s Perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly, October 2012 25: 370-373, doi:10.1177/0894318412457062 Abstract: The concept of high altitude leadership and the humanbecoming leading-following model are explored from the perspective of the Executive Director of the South Dakota Board of Nursing. The humanbecoming essentials inherent in leading: commitment...
“Cognitive Efficiency” in Display Media: A First Investigation of Basic Signal Dimensions
Shiyan Yang, Karan Shukla & Thomas K. Ferris. (2012). “Cognitive Efficiency” in Display Media: A First Investigation of Basic Signal Dimensions. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting September 2012 vol. 56 no. 1 1371-1375 Abstract: In many work domains, such as aviation cockpits and hospital operation rooms, data overload can result when a human operator is unable to make efficient use of his/her limited cognitive resources in processing task-relevant data. One way to...
Clinical Communications – Human Factors for the Hidden Network In Medicine
Zachary, W. et al. (2012). Clinical Communications – Human Factors for the Hidden Network In Medicine. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting September 2012 vol. 56 no. 1 850-854. Abstract: Medicine is practiced not only through encounters and other interactions between patients and providers, but also through documentation of event-centered information via the patient record, and through patient-centered communications between...
Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7
Shafer-Landau, R. (editor). (2012). Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7: Oxford University Press. Description: Oxford Studies in Metaethics is the only publication devoted exclusively to original philosophical work in the foundations of ethics. It provides an annual selection of much of the best new scholarship being done in the field. Its broad purview...
Play It (Again) Sam: Linguistic Changes Predict Improved Mental and Physical Health Among Older Adults
Nathan S. Consedine, Yulia S. Krivoshekova and Carol Magai. (2012). Play It (Again) Sam: Linguistic Changes Predict Improved Mental and Physical Health Among Older Adults. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 2012 31: 240 originally published online 10 May 2012, DOI: 10.1177/0261927X12446736. Abstract: Studies suggest that disclosure alters representations of emotional or traumatic events and that linguistic parameters may index such change. Most work has been conducted among younger adults; hence, this report examined whether changes in the...
Constructivism in Practical Philosophy
James Lenman (Editor), Yonatan Shemmer (Editor). (2012). Constructivism in Practical Philosophy: Oxford University Press. Book Description: Publication Date: September 29, 2012 This volume presents twelve original papers on constructivism--some sympathetic, others critical--by a distinguished group of moral philosophers. "Kantian constructivism holds that moral objectivity...
Constructivism and Wise Judgment
Tiberius, V. (2012). Constructivism and Wise Judgment, in Constructivism in Practical Philosophy, edited by James Lenman and Yonatan Shemmer.(Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 195-212. Chapter 11 Constructivism and Wise Judgment by Valerie TIberius in Constructivism in Practical Philosophy , edited by James Lenman and Yonatan Shemmer. Read reviews and buy the book .
Who Knows Who Is Wise? Self and Peer Ratings of Wisdom
Redzanowski, U. & Glück, J. (2012). Who Knows Who Is Wise? Self and Peer Ratings of Wisdom. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci (2012) doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbs079 Abstract: Objectives. This study investigated relationships between three measures of wisdom: self-ratings, peer ratings, and a self-report scale. We expected to find a zero or negative correlation between the self-rating and the average peer rating and...
Mindfulness-based stress reduction effects on moral reasoning and decision making
Shapiro, S.L., Jazaieri, H., & Goldin. P.R. (2012). The Journal of Positive Psychology (impact factor: 1.67). 01/2012; 7(6):504-515. DOI:10.1080/17439760.2012.723732 Abstract: Previous research has demonstrated that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) improves psychological functioning in multiple domains. However, to date, no studies have examined the effects of MBSR on moral reasoning and decision making....
Open-mindedness and Normative Contingency
Tiberius, V. (2012). Open-mindedness and Normative Contingency Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 7, edited by Russ Shafer-Landau (Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 182-204. Abstract: Open-mindedness seems to be a virtue because an open mind is more receptive to the truth. But if value judgments are best understood as a human projection, expression, or construction, then it is unclear why open-mindedness is a virtue when...
The Social Side of Abstraction Psychological Distance Enhances Conformity to Group Norms
Ledgerwood, A. & Callahan, S.P. (2012). The Social Side of Abstraction Psychological Distance Enhances Conformity to Group Norms. Psychological Science August 2012 vol. 23 no. 8 907-913. Abstract: Intuition suggests that a distanced or abstract thinker should be immune to social influence, and on its surface, the current literature could seem to support this view. The present research builds on recent theorizing to suggest a different...
Judicial Wisdom: An Introductory Empirical Account and Research Agenda
Blumenthal, Jeremy A. and Bakina, Daria A, Judicial Wisdom: An Introductory Empirical Account and Research Agenda (August 15, 2012). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2129792 By Jeremy A. Blumenthal and Daria A. Bakina Abstract: We present the first empirical analysis of “judicial wisdom”: what it means to be a “wise judge.” We surveyed 40 federal judges; half listed characteristics of a “wise” judge and, to compare, half...
Wisdom of groups promotes cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas
Szolnoki, A., Wang, Z. & Perc, M. (2012). Wisdom of groups promotes cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas. Sci Rep. 2012; 2: 576. Published online 2012 August 14. doi: 10.1038/srep00576 Abstract: Whether or not to change strategy depends not only on the personal success of each individual, but also on the success of others. Using this as motivation, we study the evolution of cooperation in games that describe social dilemmas, where the...
A is for aphorism - Is it true that 'a careful history will lead to the diagnosis 80% of the time'?
Cooke, G. (Jul 2012). A is for aphorism - Is it true that 'a careful history will lead to the diagnosis 80% of the time'? Australian Family Physician, Vol 41(7): 534. PMID: 22762076 [PubMed - in process] By Georga Cooke Abstract: Medicine is an uncertain pursuit. As medical students and junior doctors, we often try to manage this by collecting golden rules as we progress through our education. And there are many occasions when a 'third voice'...
A systematic self-observation study of consumers' conceptions of practical wisdom in everyday purchase events
Mick D.G., Spiller, S.A., & Baglioni, A.J. (2012). A systematic self-observation study of consumers' conceptions of practical wisdom in everyday purchase events. Journal of Business Research Volume 65, Issue 7, July 2012, Pages 1051–1059. Abstract: This project introduces the method of Systematic Self-Observation (SSO) to business researchers, compares it to other modes of introspection, and illustrates its application in a study of consumers' conceptions of their practical wisdom...
Wisdom of crowds for robust gene network inference
Marbach, D., Costello, J.C., Küffner, R., Vega, N.M., Prill, R.J., Camacho, D.M., Allison, K.R., The DREAM5 Consortium, Kellis, M., Collins, J.J., & Stolovitzky, G. (2012). Wisdom of crowds for robust gene network inference. Nature Methods, Vol 9: 796–804. doi:10.1038/nmeth.2016 Abstract: Reconstructing gene regulatory networks from high-throughput data is a long-standing challenge. Through the Dialogue on Reverse Engineering Assessment and Methods (DREAM) project, we performed a comprehensive blind assessment of over 30 network...
Diversifying experiences enhance cognitive flexibility
Rittera, S.M., Damianb, R.I., Simontonb, D.K., van Baarena, R.B., Stricka, M., Derksa, J., & Dijksterhuisa, A. (2012). Diversifying experiences enhance cognitive flexibility. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Volume 48, Issue 4, July 2012, Pages 961–964. Abstract: Past research has linked creativity to unusual and unexpected experiences, such as early parental loss or living abroad. However, few studies have investigated the underlying cognitive processes. We propose that these experiences have in common...
Choosing Wisdom: Strategies and Inspiration for Growing through Life-Changing Difficulties
Plews-Ogan, M., Owens, J., & May, N. (2012). Choosing Wisdom: Strategies and Inspiration for Growing through Life-Changing Difficulties: Templeton Press. We all know the saying, “That which does not kill us, makes us stronger,” but is that really true? After all, for some people, traumatic experiences ultimately lead to truly debilitating outcomes. For others though, adversity really does seem to lead...
How Boots Befooled the King: Wisdom, Truth, and the Stoics
Wright, S. (2012). How Boots Befooled the King: Wisdom, Truth, and the Stoics. Acta Analytica June 2012, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 113-126 Abstract: Can the wise person be fooled? The Stoics take a very strong view on this question, holding that the wise person (or sage) is never deceived and never believes anything that is false. This seems to be an implausibly strong claim, but it follows...
Maximum Brainpower: Challenging the Brain for Health and Wisdom
Breznitz, S. & Hemingway, C. (2012). Maximum Brainpower: Challenging the Brain for Health and Wisdom. Ballantine Books: New York. Book Description Release date: June 26, 2012 We all understand the importance of daily exercise in keeping physically fit. But mental exercise is just as essential to our health and well-being—especially when it comes to defending against forgetfulness...
The Foreign-Language Effect Thinking in a Foreign Tongue Reduces Decision Biases
Keysar, B., Hayakawa, S.L. & An, S.G. (2012). The Foreign-Language Effect Thinking in a Foreign Tongue Reduces Decision Biases. Psychological Science. June 2012, vol. 23, no. 6: 661-668. Abstract: Would you make the same decisions in a foreign language as you would in your native tongue? It may be intuitive that people would make the same choices regardless of the language they are using, or that the difficulty of using a foreign language...
Self-Compassion: A Concept Analysis
Darcel Reyes. (2012). Self-Compassion: A Concept Analysis. J Holist Nurs June 2012 vol. 30 no. 2 81-89. Abstract: This concept analysis uses a modification of the evolutionary method (Rodgers, 1989) to identify the antecedent, attributes, and consequences of self-compassion. The antecedent to self-compassion is suffering, experienced in six possible realms...
Expertise, Wisdom and Moral Philosophers: A Response to Gesang
Cowley, Christopher, Expertise, Wisdom and Moral Philosophers: A Response to Gesang (July 2012). Bioethics, Vol. 26, Issue 6, pp. 337-342, 2012. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2084037 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8519.2010.01860.x Abstract: In a recent issue of Bioethics, Bernard Gesang asks whether a moral philosopher possesses greater moral expertise than a non‐philosopher, and his answer is a qualified yes, based not so much on his infallible access to the truth, but on the...
Happiness and Wisdom: Augustine's Early Theology of Education
Topping, R.N.S. (2012). Happiness and Wisdom: Augustine's Early Theology of Education. The Catholic University of America Press. Immediately after his baptism Augustine set out to produce a Christianized version of the ancient liberal arts curriculum. By an ordered sequence of contemplation, moving from linguistic to mathematically based disciplines, Augustine suggested that study...
Pragmatic Strategy: Eastern Wisdom, Global Success
Nonaka, I. & Zhu, Z. (2012). Pragmatic Strategy: Eastern Wisdom, Global Success. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Book Description: Pragmatism is enjoying a renaissance in management studies and the social sciences. Once written off as amoral, relativist and opposed to the ideals of Truth, Reason and Progress, it is now regaining influence in public policy, international...
Stepping Back While Staying Engaged When Facing an Obstacle Increases Psychological Distance
Marguc, J., Van Kleef, G.A., & Förster, J. (2012). Stepping Back While Staying Engaged When Facing an Obstacle Increases Psychological Distance. Social Psychological and Personality Science May 2012 vol. 3 no. 3 379-386. Abstract: When do people respond to obstacles by mentally “stepping back” and taking a more distanced perspective? Manipulating obstacles to social goals, to personal goals, and in a computer game, three studies tested the hypothesis that people should...
Mindful Attention Prevents Mindless Impulses
Papies, E.K., Barsalou, L.W., & Custers, R. (2012). Mindful Attention Prevents Mindless Impulses. Social Psychological and Personality Science May 2012 vol. 3 no. 3 291-299. Abstract: Three studies illustrate that mindful attention prevents impulses toward attractive food. Participants received a brief mindfulness procedure in which they observed their reactions to external stimuli as transient mental events rather than subjectively...
Practising engagement: Infusing communication with empathy and compassion in medical students’ clinical encounters
Warmington, S. (2012). Practising engagement: Infusing communication with empathy and compassion in medical students’ clinical encounters. Health (London) May 2012 vol. 16 no. 3 327-342 Abstract: Patients commonly experience some physicians’ ways of interacting with them as detached and indicating a lack of concern for their welfare. This is likely to add to the distress experienced by a person seeking healing, as well as interfering...
The Hot-Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices
Yang, Haiyang, Carmon, Ziv, Kahn, Barbara, Malani, Anup, Schwartz, Janet, Volpp, Kevin and Wansink, Brian, The Hot-Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices (April 18, 2012). INSEAD Working Paper No. 2012/45/MKT. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2041943 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2041943 Abstract: People often behave in ways that are clearly detrimental to their health. We review representative research on unhealthy behaviors within a parsimonious framework, the Hot-Cold Decision Triangle. Through this framework, we describe how when...
Moral dilemmas in cognitive neuroscience of moral decision-making: A principled review
Christensen, J.F. & Gomila, A. (2012). Moral dilemmas in cognitive neuroscience of moral decision-making: A principled review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Volume 36, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 1249–1264. Abstract: Moral dilemma tasks have been a much appreciated experimental paradigm in empirical studies on moral cognition for decades and have, more recently, also become a preferred paradigm in the field of cognitive neuroscience of moral decision-making...
Contemplative/emotion training reduces negative emotional behavior and promotes prosocial responses
Kemeny, Margaret E.; Foltz, Carol; Cavanagh, James F.; Cullen, Margaret; Giese-Davis, Janine; Jennings, Patricia; Rosenberg, Erika L.; Gillath, Omri; Shaver, Phillip R.; Wallace, B. Alan; Ekman, Paul. (2012). Contemplative/emotion training reduces negative emotional behavior and promotes prosocial responses.Emotion, Vol 12(2), Apr 2012, 338-350. doi: 10.1037/a0026118 Abstract: Contemplative practices are believed to alleviate psychological problems, cultivate prosocial behavior and promote self-awareness. In addition, psychological science has developed tools and models for understanding the mind and promoting well...
Situations in Which I Was Wise: Autobiographical Wisdom Memories of Children and Adolescents
König, S. and Glück, J. (2012), Situations in Which I Was Wise: Autobiographical Wisdom Memories of Children and Adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22: 512–525. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00800.x Previous studies with adults have shown that age has an important influence on laypeople's wisdom theories. However, children's and adolescents' understanding of the concept of wisdom has hardly been investigated. In the current study, 80...
Rousseau’s Virtue Epistemology
Ryan Patrick Hanley. "Rousseau’s Virtue Epistemology." Journal of the History of Philosophy 50.2 (2012): 239-263. Project MUSE. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. . Abstract: Rousseau’s moral and political philosophy is grounded in a largely overlooked virtue epistemology. This essay reconstructs this epistemology with a particular focus on Rousseau’s conception of how our capacity for sensation might be cultivated...
An Empirical Study of Supreme Court Justice Pre-Appointment Experience
Barton, Benjamin H., An Empirical Study of Supreme Court Justice Pre-Appointment Experience (February 24, 2012). University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper No. 181. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2010781 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2010781 Abstract: This study compares the years of experience that preceded appointment to the Supreme Court for each Justice. The study seeks to demonstrate that the background experiences of the Roberts Court Justices are quite different from the Justices of...
What’s so Good about a Wise and Knowledgeable Public?
Ahlstrom-Vij, K. (2012). What’s so Good about a Wise and Knowledgeable Public? Acta Analytica Volume 27, Number 2 (2012), 199-216, DOI: 10.1007/s12136-012-0157-1 Abstract: Philosophers have been concerned for some time with the epistemic caliber of the general public, qua the body that is, ultimately, tasked with political decision-making in democratic societies. Unfortunately, the empirical data paint a pretty...
Open-mindedness and Intellectual Humility
Spiegel, J.S. (2012). Open-mindedness and intellectual humility. Theory and Research in Education March 2012 vol. 10 no. 1 27-38. Abstract: Among those who regard open-mindedness as a virtue, there is dispute over whether the trait is essentially an attitude toward particular beliefs or toward oneself as a believer. I defend William Hare’s account of open-mindedness as a first-order...
Predicting elections: A ‘Wisdom of Crowds’ approach
Boon, M. (2012). Predicting elections: A ‘Wisdom of Crowds’ approach. International Journal of Market Research Vol. 54 Issue 4. DOI: 10.2501/IJMR-54-4-465-483 Abstract: Opinion polls are the currency of politics. They are used by media organisations to evaluate the performance of governments, and by governments and political parties to test the policies that shape manifestos and reform agendas. But opinion...
Mindfulness and its relationship to emotional regulation
Hill, C.L.M. & Updegraff, J.A. (2012). Mindfulness and its relationship to emotional regulation. Emotion. 2012 Feb;12(1):81-90. Epub 2011 Dec 12. Abstract: Research on the effectiveness and mechanisms of mindfulness training applied in psychotherapy is still in its infancy (Erisman & Roemer, 2010). For instance, little is known about the extent and processes through which mindfulness practice...
Triaging the fittest: Practical wisdom versus logical calculus?
Szalados, James E. (2012). Triaging the fittest: Practical wisdom versus logical calculus?*. Critical care medicine, 40. Retreived from http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Triaging-fittest-Practical-wisdom-versus/22249061.html Excerpt: For physicians, now increasingly highly trained in objective analysis, clinical ethics is frequently perceived as a “softer” and therefore more theoretical medical discipline because the issues addressed in ethical analyses are typically poorly...
“Two Types of Wisdom”
Baehr, J. (2012). Two Types of Wisdom”. Acta Analytica Volume 27, Number 2 (2012), 81-97, DOI: 10.1007/s12136-012-0155-3 Abstract: The concept of wisdom is largely ignored by contemporary philosophers. But given recent movements in the fields of ethics and epistemology, the time is ripe for a return to this concept. This article lays some groundwork for further philosophical...
The Wisdom of the Crowd in Combinatorial Problems
Yi, S. K. M., Steyvers, M., Lee, M. D. and Dry, M. J. (2012), The Wisdom of the Crowd in Combinatorial Problems. Cognitive Science, 36: 452–470. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01223.x Abstract: The “wisdom of the crowd” phenomenon refers to the finding that the aggregate of a set of proposed solutions from a group of individuals performs better than the majority of individual solutions. Most often, wisdom of the crowd effects have...
Words of Wisdom: A Philosophical Dictionary for the Perennial Tradition
Carlson, J.W. (2012). Words of Wisdom: A Philosophical Dictionary for the Perennial Tradition. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. Like their predecessors throughout the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI have emphasized the importance of philosophy in the Catholic intellectual tradition. In his encyclical Fides et ratio (1998), John Paul...
The contribution of emotion and cognition to moral sensitivity: A neurodevelopmental study.
Decety, J., Michalska, K. J., & Kinzler, K. D. (2012). The contribution of emotion and cognition to moral sensitivity: A neurodevelopmental study. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 209-220.
Impact of employees' character strengths of wisdom on stress and creative performance
vey, J. B., Luthans, F., Hannah, S. T., Sweetman, D. and Peterson, C. (2012), Impact of employees' character strengths of wisdom on stress and creative performance. Human Resource Management Journal, 22: 165–181. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-8583.2010.00157.x Abstract: Both conventional understanding and positive psychology recognise an important link between people's character strengths and how they perform their jobs. However, no research to date has focused on the relationship of employees' wisdom...
Neural decoding of collective wisdom with multi-brain computing
Eckstein, MP, Das, K, Pham, BT, Peterson, MF, Abbey, CK, Sy, JL, & Giesbrecht, B. (2012). Neural decoding of collective wisdom with multi-brain computing. NeuroImage Volume 59, Issue 1, 2 January 2012, Pages 94–108. Abstract: Group decisions and even aggregation of multiple opinions lead to greater decision accuracy, a phenomenon known as collective wisdom. Little is known about the neural basis of collective wisdom and whether its benefits arise in late decision...
Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to Do the Right Thing
Schwartz, B. & Sharpe, K. (2011). Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to Do the Right Thing. New York: Riverhead Trade, Reprint edition. A reasoned and urgent call to embrace and protect the essential human quality that has been drummed out of our lives: wisdom. In their provocative new book, Barry Schwartz and Kenneth Sharpe explore the insights essential to leading satisfying lives....
Intergenerational Relations in the West of Ireland and Sociocultural Approaches to Wisdom
Edmondson, R. (2011). Intergenerational Relations in the West of Ireland and Sociocultural Approaches to Wisdom. Journal of Family Issues January 2012 vol. 33 no. 1 76-98 Abstract: Discussion of intergenerational relationships has perennially questioned how life experience can be transmitted effectively. This article revisits that debate, focusing on the intergenerational role of wisdom in the West of Ireland. Ethnographic...
Finding faults: How moral dilemmas illuminate cognitive structure
Fiery Cushman & Joshua D. Greene (2012): Finding faults: How moral dilemmas illuminate cognitive structure, Social Neuroscience, 7:3, 269-279. Abstract: Philosophy is rife with intractable moral dilemmas. We propose that these debates often exist because competing psychological systems yield different answers to the same problem. Consequently, philosophical debate points to the natural fault...
Chapter 40: Intelligence and wisdom
Staudinger, U.M. & Glück, J. (2011). Intelligence and wisdom. In R.J. Sternberg & S.B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 827-846. Book Description: This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date compendium of theory and research in the field of human intelligence. Each of the 42 chapters is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields, and collectively...
Wisdom revisited: A case study in normative theorizing
Tiberius, V. & Swartwood, J. (2011). Wisdom revisited: A case study in normative theorizing. In J. Kennett (Ed.), Philosophical Explorations. Vol. 14, No. 3, September 2011, pp. 277–295. Abstract: Extensive discussions of practical wisdom are relatively rare in the philosophical literature these days. This is strange given the theoretical and practical importance of wisdom and, indeed, the etymology of the word “philosophy”. In this paper...
Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis
van Dierendonck, Dirk. (2011). Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis. Journal of Management July 2011 vol. 37 no. 4 1228-1261. Abstract: Servant leadership is positioned as a new field of research for leadership scholars. This review deals with the historical background of servant leadership, its key characteristics, the available measurement tools, and the results of relevant...
The ABCs of the science of dialogic design
Laouris, Y. (in press). The ABCs of the science of dialogic design. Int. J. Applied Systemic Studies. Abstract: This paper has been drafted as a laymans introduction to the science of structured dialogic design. Using a helicopter view of the processes involved in a typical organization and implementation of an interactive workshop, the author highlights...
The Wise Leader
Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (2011). The wise leader. Harvard Business Review 89, no. 5. Abstract: In an era of increasing discontinuity, wise leadership has nearly vanished. Many leaders find it difficult to reinvent their corporations rapidly enough to cope with new technologies, demographic shifts, and consumption trends. They can’t develop...
Self-Reported Wisdom and Happiness: An Empirical Investigation
Bergsma, A. & Ardelt, M. (2011). Self-Reported Wisdom and Happiness: An Empirical Investigation. J Happiness Stud (2012) 13:481–499 DOI 10.1007/s10902-011-9275-5 Abstract: Possible tensions between wisdom and happiness have been extensively debated in philosophy. Some regard wisdom as the ‘supreme part of happiness’, whereas other think that a more accurate and wiser view on reality might reduce happiness. Analyzing...
Ethical Wisdom: What Makes Us Good
Matousek, M. (2011). Ethical Wisdom: What Makes Us Good. New York, NY: Random House. Since the days of the first primitive tribes, we have tried to determine why one man is good and another evil. Mark Matousek arrives at the answer in Ethical Wisdom . Contrary to what we've been taught in our reason-obsessed culture, emotions are...
Older and wiser? An affective science perspective on age-related challenges in financial decision making
Weierich, Mariann R. et al. (2011). Older and wiser? An affective science perspective on age-related challenges in financial decision making. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2011 April; 6(2): 195–206. Published online 2010 June 29. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsq056. Abstract: Financial planning decisionss are fundamentally affective in nature; they are decisions related to money, longevity and quality of life. Over the next several decades people will be increasingly responsible for managing their own assets and...
Interoception Drives Increased Rational Decision-Making in Meditators Playing the Ultimatum Game
Kirk, U., Downar, J., & Montague, P.R. (2011). Interoception drives increased rational decision-making in meditators playing the ultimatum game. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 5: 49. Abstract: Human decision-making is often conceptualized as a competition between cognitive and emotional processes in the brain. Deviations from rational processes are believed to derive from inclusion of emotional factors in decision-making. Here, we...
Identity styles and wisdom during emerging adulthood: Relationships with mindfulness and savoring.
Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, Vol 11(2), Apr 2011, 155-180. By Sherry L. Beaumont Erikson’s (1968) supposition about the importance of mature identity for wisdom was examined by testing the hypothesis that informational identity processing is uniquely associated with wisdom and with related positive subjective...
Emotional Experience Improves With Age: Evidence Based on Over 10 Years of Experience Sampling
Carstensen, L.L. et al. (2011). Emotional Experience Improves With Age: Evidence Based on Over 10 Years of Experience Sampling. Psychol Aging. 2011 March; 26(1): 21–33. doi: 10.1037/a0021285 Abstract: Recent evidence suggests that emotional well-being improves from early adulthood to old age. This study used experience-sampling to examine the developmental course of emotional experience in a representative sample of adults spanning early...
Safe Patients, Smart Hospitals: How One Doctor's Checklist Can Help Us Change Health Care from the Inside Out
Pronovost, P. & Vohr, E. (2012). Safe Patients, Smart Hospitals: How One Doctor's Checklist Can Help Us Change Health Care from the Inside Out. New York, NY: Hudson Street Press. Book Description: Release Date: February 18, 2010 | Series: Pronovost, Safe Patients, Smart Hospitals The inspiring story of how a leading innovator in patient safety found a simple way to save countless lives. First, do no harm-doctors, nurses and clinicians...
Teaching for Wisdom in Public Schools to Promote Personal Giftedness
Ferrari, M. (2009). Teaching for Wisdom in Public Schools to Promote Personal Giftedness. Springer Netherlands. Description: Schools must educate students not merely to become knowledgeable about disciplines that concern the external world (like history or geography) but also to pursue a responsible and happy life. This is a personal discipline or an art unto itself...
Gender Differences in Implicit Theories of Wisdom
Gluck, J., Strasser, I. & Bluck, S. (2009). Gender differences in implicit theories of wisdom. Research in Human Development, 6 (Special Issue: Gender and Wisdom), 27-44. Abstract: Three studies are reported that investigated different aspects of gender differences in implicit theories. In Study 1, participants rated characteristics and possible sources of wisdom concerning their importance for wisdom. Gender differences...
Fostering wisdom: A psychological perspective
Stange, A. & Kunzmann, U. (2009). Fostering wisdom: A psychological perspective. In M. Ferrari & G. Potworowski (Eds.), Teaching for Wisdom: Cross-cultural Perspectives on Fostering Wisdom (pp. 23-36), New York: Springer. Book Description: Publication Date: October 24, 2008 | ISBN-10: 1402065310 | ISBN-13: 978-1402065316 | Edition: 1 Wisdom is valued as an ideal aim of personal development around the world. But we rarely see how wisdom is understood in different religious...
Communication praxis for ethical accountability: The ethics of the tree of action
Laouris, Y., Laouri, R. and Christakis, A. (2008). Communication praxis for ethical accountability: The ethics of the tree of action. Syst Res Behav Sci 25(2), 331–348. Abstract: This paper proposes the thesis that it is unethical to plan an action for social change without excavating the knowledge and wisdom of the people who are responsible for implementing the plans of action and the people whose lives will be affected...
Can Information and mobile technologies serve close the economic, educational, digital and social gaps and accelerate development?
Laouris, Y. and Laouri, R. (2008). Can Information and mobile technologies serve close the economic, educational, digital and social gaps and accelerate development? World Futures, 64(4), 254-275. Abstract: The emergence of information, and more recently, mobile broadband telecommunication technologies, was accompanied by the hype that they could serve to close the economic, educational, digital, and social gaps of our planet among the rich and...
Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique
Gazzaniga, M.S. (2008). Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique. New York, NY: HarperCollins. Book Description: Release Date: June 24, 2008 | ISBN-10: 0060892889 | ISBN-13: 978-0060892883 | Edition: 1 One of the world's leading neuroscientists explores how best to understand the human condition by examining the biological, psychological, and...
The Effect of Culture on Perspective Taking
Wu, S. & Keysar, B. (2007). The Effect of Culture on Perspective Taking. Psychological Science July 2007 vol. 18 no. 7 600-606 . Abstract: People consider the mental states of other people to understand their actions. We evaluated whether such perspective taking is culture dependent. People in collectivistic cultures (e.g., China) are said to have interdependent selves, whereas...
Harnessing collective wisdom at a fraction of the time using Structured Dialogic Design Process in a virtual communication context
Laouris, Y. and Christakis, A. (2007). Harnessing collective wisdom at a fraction of the time using Structured Dialogic Design Process in a virtual communication context Int. J. Applied Systemic Studies, 1(2), 131–153. Abstract: The Structured Dialogic Design Process (SDDP) is applied in the context of a rich web-based communication environment. Using a combination of asynchronous and synchronous communication tools for engaging stakeholders at different places in a...
Distinct neural mechanisms of risk and ambiguity: a meta-analysis of decision-making
Krain AL, Wilson AM, Arbuckle R, Castellanos FX, Milham MP. (2006). Distinct neural mechanisms of risk and ambiguity: a meta-analysis of decision-making. Neuroimage. 2006 Aug 1;32(1):477-84. Epub 2006 Apr 24. Abstract: Converging evidence from human and animal studies suggests that decision-making relies upon a distributed neural network based in the frontal lobes. In particular, models of decision-making emphasize the involvement of orbitofrontal cortices...
Words of wisdom: language use over the life span
Pennebaker, JW, & Stone, LD. (2003). Words of wisdom: language use over the life span. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Aug;85(2):291-301. Abstract: Two projects explored the links between language use and aging. In the first project, written or spoken text samples from disclosure studies from over 3,000 research participants from 45 different studies representing 21 laboratories in 3 countries...
Conceptions of Wisdom among Taiwanese Chinese
Yang, Shih-Ying. (2001). Conceptions of Wisdom among Taiwanese Chinese. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. November 2001 vol. 32 no. 6 662-680. Abstract: To fully understand wisdom, culture must be taken into account. Several previous studies have shown that people in diverse cultures define wisdom differently. Two studies investigated the concept of wisdom in Taiwanese Chinese culture through...
People nominated as wise: A comparative study of wisdom-related knowledge.
Baltes, Paul B.; Staudinger, Ursula M.; Maercker, Andreas; Smith, Jacqui . (1995). People nominated as wise: A comparative study of wisdom-related knowledge. Psychology and Aging, Vol 10(2), Jun 1995, 155-166. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.10.2.155. Abstract: This study examined whether our conception of wisdom has a psychological bias, by focusing on a group of distinguished individuals nominated as being wise. The comparison groups included older clinical psychologists and highly educated old and...
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Associate Director, Interdisciplinary Programs Admin. Director, UChicago Wisdom Research

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