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NEWS
  • Boaz Keysar (Psychology) sheds new light on the role of language in the natural impulse to lie

    by Sarah Fister Gale, UChicago News People are more honest when using a foreign tongue, study finds while some people may be instantly suspicious when they encounter someone who speaks with a foreign accent, new research co-led by a University of Chicago professor suggests they are probably more credible...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Thinking in a second language hinders imagination, study finds

    by Rachel Hosie, Independent As anyone who’s ever learned a foreign language will know, thinking in anything other than your mother tongue requires a lot of effort. But according to a new study, doing so actually drains the brain of some of its ability to conjure up mental imagery. The research, carried...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • The Benefits Of Learning a New Language and Being Bilingual

    by Kylie Hall, Teacher.org If you're like most people, your experience with learning a second language came in high school. You took French or Spanish because it was required of you. You learned a few random phrases like, "Where is the library?" and, "I don't speak French."...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making

    by Carla Reiter, UChicago News If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn’t your native tongue? Psychologists at the University...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Studies Suggest Multilingual Exposure Boosts Children's Communication Skills

    NPR's Robert Siegel talks with Katherine Kinzler, associate professor of psychology and human development at Cornell University, about her research into the social skills developed by children raised in multilingual environments versus monolingual environments. Click here to listen to the interview...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • The Superior Social Skills of Bilinguals

    by Katherine Kinzler, The New York Times BEING bilingual has some obvious advantages. Learning more than one language enables new conversations and new experiences. But in recent years, psychology researchers have demonstrated some less obvious advantages of bilingualism, too. For instance, bilingual...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Children exposed to other languages are better at understanding other people

    By Kabir Chibber, Quartz A new study (paywall) suggests that children who speak multiple languages are better at understanding other people. And not only those who are fluent, but those that are simply exposed to another language in their daily lives. Samantha Fan, Zoe Liberman, Boaz Keysar, and Katherine...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Children Exposed to Multiple Languages May Be Better Natural Communicators

    By Jann Ingmire, UChicago News Young children who hear more than one language spoken at home become better communicators, a new study from University of Chicago psychologists finds. Effective communication requires the ability to take others’ perspectives. Researchers discovered that children from multilingual...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Science Shows Something Surprising About People Who Still Read Fiction

    By Gabe Bergado, Arts.Mic They tend to be more empathetic toward others. It's not news that reading has countless benefits: Poetry stimulates parts of the brain linked to memory and sparks self-reflection; kids who read the Harry Potter books tend to be better people . But what about people who only...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Choosing to Create Connection - Words of Wisdom from the Medical Axiom Master

    "When done properly, your relationships with your patients should hold up in the elevator, in the lobby and in the grocery store aisle." by Mark B. Reid, MD, The (in)Patient Experience I am fortunate to have had the opportunity to attend medical school with a master of the modern-day medical...
     Posted by: brendah
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PUBLICATIONS
  • Honesty Speaks a Second Language (2018)

    Abstract: Theories of dishonest behavior implicitly assume language independence. Here, we investigated this assumption by comparing lying by people using a foreign language versus their native tongue. Participants rolled a die and were paid according to the outcome they reported. Because the outcome...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • The unforseen consequences of intereacting with non-native speakers (2018)

    Abstract: Sociolinguistic research shows that listeners' expectations of speakers influence their interpretation of the speech, yet this is often ignored in cognitive models of language comprehension. Here, we focus on the case of interactions between native and non-native speakers. Previous literature...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Thinking More or Feeling Less? Explaining the Foreign-Language Effect on Moral Judgment (2017)

    Abstract: Would you kill one person to save five? People are more willing to accept such utilitarian action when using a foreign language than when using their native language. In six experiments, we investigated why foreign-language use affects moral choice in this way. On the one hand, the difficulty...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wisdom across the ages and its modern day relevance (2017)

    Abstract: Wisdom is derived (in modern language terms) from the Old English words wis (“of a certainty, for certain”; “Wisdom,” 2015) and dóm (“statute, judgment, jurisdiction”; “Wisdom,” 2015); wisdom is, at its broadest, defined as the “Capacity of judging rightly in matters relating to life and conduct;...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Identifying attentional deployment tactics in older adults’ written narratives about emotionally upsetting events (2015)

    Abstract: Essays about distressing events written by 58 older adults on three occasions (n = 174) were coded to identify how older adults responded when confronting an emotionally upsetting event. Participants limited the experience of negative emotion by transitioning from negative to positive aspects...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • Examining the use of message tailoring to promote physical activity among medically underserved adults (2013)

    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine if messages tailored to an individual’s regulatory focus (i.e. their tendency to focus on prevention or promotion) increased exercise intentions and behavior in a medically underserved sample. Adult English as a Second Language students (N = 58) were...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • The Foreign-Language Effect Thinking in a Foreign Tongue Reduces Decision Biases (2012)

    Abstract: Would you make the same decisions in a foreign language as you would in your native tongue? It may be intuitive that people would make the same choices regardless of the language they are using, or that the difficulty of using a foreign language would make decisions less systematic. We discovered...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • Coevolution of Composite‐Tool Technology, Constructive Memory, and Language (2010)

    By Stanley H. Ambrose The evolution of modern human behavior was undoubtedly accompanied by neurological changes that enhanced capacities for innovation in technology, language, and social organization associated with working memory. Constructive memory integrates components of working memory in the...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: Cait
  • On the Epistemology of Language (2010)

    By Cheng-hung Tsai Epistemology of language, a branch of both epistemology and the philosophy of language, asks what knowledge of language consists in. In this paper, I argue that such an inquiry is a pointless enterprise due to its being based upon the incorrect assumption that linguistic competence...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: Cait
  • A Theology of Meaning: Hasidism and Deconstruction in Elie Wiesel's Souls on Fire (2009)

    By Lauren Barlow Elie Wiesel's Souls on Fire , released in 1972, is a personal retelling of the lives and legends of the early Hasidic masters of Eastern Europe. The novel begins with the movement's founder, the Baal Shem, and chronicles the rise and development of the movement through the teachings...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: Cait
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DISCUSSIONS
  • The H.E.R.O.(E). Model of Wisdom

    By Jeffrey Webster A Professor of Psychology at Langara College in Vancouver, Canada, Jeffrey Webster, PhD has three main academic research interests: reminiscence functions, time perspective, and wisdom. He has developed and published psychometrically sound instruments to measure each of these constructs...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wisdom in Understanding the Language of Law

    By Howard C. Nusbaum When I taught an undergraduate class on wisdom research at the University of Chicago a couple of years ago, students often conceptualized wisdom in terms of wise advice. This is generally a common idea about wisdom. Rather than thinking of wisdom in Aristotelian terms of wise action...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Lean on Me and Let It Be: Wisdom in Ordinary Language

    This is an exciting time to be working on wisdom! This website attests to the emergence of a new network of interdisciplinary academic research on wisdom, and the excitement that has attended it reminds me, in my capacity as a student of the Enlightenment, of the excitement that animated the gens de...
     Posted by: wattawa
  • Re: Can wisdom be taught with words?

    Reading Howard's interesting reflections on how language communicates wisdom brought to mind what Steve Pinker and others have written about the physical mechanics of transferring meaning from mind to mind. This synopsis (from my forthcoming Psychology, 9th edition ) is slightly off-topic---it doesn't...
     Posted by: dmyers
  • Can wisdom be taught with words?

    Is wisdom a characteristic of a person or is it a skill that anyone could acquire? The idea of the wise person like Socrates or King Solomon has figured prominently in many cultures and suggests wisdom may be viewed as an individual trait. Even when wisdom is viewed as learnable, people often think that...
     Posted by: wattawa
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